enemy


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enemy

noun adversary, antagonist, arch rival, assailant, betrayer, foe, nemesis, opponent, opposer, rival, sworn opponent, the other side
See also: adversary, foe, rival

ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
     2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
     3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
     4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although the Act mainly applies to heirs of enemy property, ensuring that the descendants of those who emigrated to Pakistan and China during Partition and afterwards will have no claim over property left behind in India, there is certainly reason for concern.
SC Harry Berry - killed by enemy action when an air raid shelter was destroyed, aged 34, on October 21, 1940.
We should be vigilant and not optimistic towards the enemy," he added.
Our troops deployed ahead of us were continuously repulsing enemy attacks and were raising the slogans of "Naara-e-Takbeer - Allah-o-Akbar" and "Pakistan Zindabad".
The enemy to be feared most has the face of a friend.
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XCOM: Enemy Within vastly improves upon the experience of XCOM: Enemy Unknown with an incredible amount of new content.
Any enemy planner addresses each one to some degree, and circumstances on the battlefield change the order of priority and importance.
The enemy property could be divested only to the owner or his lawful heir.
I have baselined my experience in the fundamentals of contemporary counterinsurgency (COIN) operations, but focus on our ability to stay on the offensive and disrupt enemy efforts to attack our formations.
If, by offering products an enemy needs at a low price or of apparent excellent quality, the enemy buys items from one of our allies or--even better--from one of our own lords, this is a situation of golden opportunity.