Age of Reason

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Age of Reason

The age at which a child is considered capable of acting responsibly.

Under Common Law, seven was the age of reason. Children under the age of seven were conclusively presumed incapable of committing a crime because they did not possess the reasoning ability to understand that their conduct violated the standards of acceptable community behavior. Those between the ages of seven and fourteen were presumed incapable of committing a crime, but this presumption could be overcome by evidence, such as the child having possession of the gun immediately after the shooting. The rebuttable presumption for this age group was based on the assumption that, as the child grew older, he or she learned to differentiate between right and wrong. A child over the age of fourteen was considered to be fully responsible for his or her actions. Many states have modified the age of criminal responsibility by statute.

All states have enacted legislation creating juvenile courts to handle the adjudication of young persons, usually under eighteen, for criminal conduct rather than have them face criminal prosecution as an adult. However, a child of thirteen who commits a violent crime may be tried as an adult in many jurisdictions.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This movement evidences the violence and global inequalities that persist as an effect, that is not at all paradoxical, of Enlightenment principles that remain firmly tethered to the form of its critical matrix.
(Besides the one reference, Foucault never returns in the entire book.) The intellectual project of the Enlightenment is itself not developed in any detail.
The second half of the book discusses the proliferation of Oriental tales as transcultural allegories where the generic experimentation of the Enlightenment looks beyond national realism and identity politics and moves into the bizarre and the fascinating: interplanetary adventures, beast fables, it-narratives, and scandal chronicles.
Underlying virtually all of his writings as represented in this volume is Wokler's view that Enlightenment thinkers, and Rousseau in particular, must be interpreted in light of their interdisciplinary interests and approaches.
And the Enlightenment didn't end in 1800, as standard accounts say, but continued into the 19th century and beyond.
The Enlightenment in particular never loses its relevance, since the problems it was responding to are obstinately part of our social and political existence, and it constitutes Europe's most concerted attempt to make life on earth happier for as many human beings as possible.
'Enlightenment is an event in the history of mediation'.
They point first to British and American variants of the Enlightenment more sympathetic to religion than the French and radical versions, and finally to specifically religious forms of the Enlightenment in which committed Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish thinkers applied the reform ideals of the age to their own religious traditions and institutions.
In intellectual and political culture today, the Enlightenment is routinely celebrated as the starting point of modernity and secular rationalism, or demonized as the source of a godless liberalism in conflict with religious faith.
Religion in the Age of Enlightenment is the first volume in what hopes to be an annual collection of essays devoted to the scholarly examination of "religion and religious attitudes and practices during the age of Enlightenment" (from the volume's "submissions" page).
She said that under the great sage Udaka Ramaputta he had learnt high levels of meditative consciousness but with Kaundinya, he progressed towards greater austerity to find enlightenment through derivation and asceticism for all worldly possessions and through self mortification and starvation where upon he lived on either a beetle nut or leaf daily.