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Related to entropy: enthalpy

prior(s)

n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous record of criminal charges, convictions, or other judicial disposal of criminal cases (such as probation, dismissal or acquittal). Only previous felony convictions can be introduced into evidence. However, the record of "priors" can have an impact on sentencing, as with prior drunk driving convictions requiring mandatory jail sentences, and "three strikes, you're out," providing for extended sentences for the third felony conviction.

References in periodicals archive ?
Finite element simulations on heat flow visualization and entropy generation during natural convection in inclined square cavities, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 51: 1-8.
It can be interpreted so that the entropy rate measures the uncertainty in a quantity at time n knowing the complete history up to that point.
i] is an approximation of the averaged entropy over the i cell, [[PSI].
The main purpose of this paper was to investigate the utility of the cross-fuzzy entropy for measuring gait symmetry using gait rhythm signals.
The extreme value of the inverse entropy matrix was normalized through the following equation:
With roots in Thermodynamics and in Information Theory, the Entropy is used to picture the unknown of any System, unknown otherwise represented by Probabilities.
Based on a comprehensive weighting method and Empirical Research on entropy correction, the G1 method is used in regional business costs (Zhou & Sun, 2013).
Information entropy is a measurement of the information contents of a random variable.
Our study offers the first solid evidence that functional MRI scans of brain entropy are a new means to understanding human intelligence," says study lead investigator Glenn Saxe, MD, a professor in child and adolescent psychiatry at NYU School of Medicine and a member of NYU Langone Health's Neuroscience Institute.
Quantum entropy sources exploit random behaviour at the sub-atomic level, which is fundamentally random and unpredictable by any attacker, even with unlimited resources.
Entropy measure provides us a quantitative measure of two variables.
In this study the relationship between the Randic' (1X), Balaban (J), Szeged (Sz), Harary (H), Wiener (W), Hyper-Wiener (WW), Wiener Polarity (WP) and one other descriptor, namely, the LUMO energy (Elumo) to the thermal energy (Eth kJ/mol), heat capacity (CV J/molK) and entropy (S J/molK) of 41 sulfonamides is represented.