Epilepsy

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Related to epileptiform: epileptiform seizure

EPILEPSY, med. jur. A disease of the brain, which occurs in paroxysms, with uncertain intervals between them.
     2. These paroxysms are characterized by the loss of sensation, and convulsive motions of the muscles. When long continued and violent, this disease is very apt to end in dementia. (q.v.) It gradually destroys the memory, and impairs the intellect, and is one of the causes of an unsound mind. 8 Ves. 87. Vide Dig. 50, 16, 123; Id. 21, 1, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Epileptiform activity was observed in 4 patients (33%) and occurred during 4 nursing interventions (0.4% of all nursing interventions).
Furthermore, our control groups of patients with drug resistant epilepsy due to bilateral hippocampal sclerosis had similar frequent interictal epileptiform activities but higher number of sleep spindles.
###Day 12: Persistent diffuse encephalopathy worse on the right with significantly reduced epileptiform discharges on the right
EEG (Figure 1(d)) at that time showed a worsening seizure activity pattern which initially started as focal left frontal lobe diffuse spike-wave complexes but now had progressed into generalized epileptiform discharges with development of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE).
explored the state transitions of networks of epileptiform discharges in hippocampal slices based on clustering of degree vectors and identified two network states during the ictal-like discharges which represented tonic and clonic phases, respectively [26].
However, interpreting periodic abnormalities in patients with impaired consciousness is complicated, particularly when epileptiform activity and encephalopathy coexist.
EEG findings may include slow activity focally or as background, with or without epileptiform discharges.
EEG was performed while inpatient was negative for epileptiform activity.
The initial two EEG studies were unremarkable, without triphasic waves, slowing of the baseline rhythm, or epileptiform features.
When the loss of consciousness and epileptiform abnormality determined at electroencephalography were evaluated together, epilepsy was suspected and the patient was started on antiepileptic therapy.
The initial electroencephalogram demonstrated a disorganized, high-amplitude background and multifocal, interictal epileptiform discharges consistent with hypsarrhythmia.