Differentiation, meaning the different language, goals, and culture that evolve in different groups within an organization, influences equivocality
is highest when differentiation is great, and organizational structure should allow for discussion and resolution of conflicts between interdependent departments.
Supply chain uncertainty originates in the task environment and can be manifested as variability of key inputs (micro level uncertainty), absence of needed information (meso-level uncertainty) or equivocality
In raising equivocality
(or giving viewers time to doubt), the pageant renders the affirmative outcome all the stronger.
Underlying the acts of naming the terrorists attacks on September 11th 2001 is therefore a double equivocality
; they waver between implications of the un-namable in the name-date 9/11 and an apparently instinctive need for analogy and integration as surfaces in the term 'Ground Zero', which, in itself and in relation to the nuclear attacks in World War II in particular, is illuminating as much as it is inhibiting; the historical parallel provides an emblem for enormous suffering and death even while evoking strategies of repression in line with the rhetoric of patriotism.
Internal and external integration for product development: the contingency effects of uncertainty, equivocality
, and platform strategy, Decision Sciences 36(1): 97-133.
This generalized equivocality
of writing does not translate one language into another on the basis of common nuclei of meaning.
IP requirements are created by uncertainty and equivocality
, coming from task characteristics, task interdependence, human characteristics, task environment, and task-possessed information (Chang 2001).
First, the scenarios used in survey research instruments (3) tend to depict situations that lack equivocality
and uncertainty that is likely in the clinical settings in which nurses work.
Some of the equivocality
in past research on the effects of real earnings management on medium-term performance may stem from the fact that real activities manipulation has been proxied by abnormal levels of production costs, discretionary expenditures, and cash flow from operations.