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An event, circumstance, influence, or element that plays a part in bringing about a result.

A factor in a case contributes to its causation or outcome. In the area of Negligence law, the factors, or chain of causation, are important in determining whether liability ensues from a particular action done by the defendant.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) a salesman who sells in his/her own name on behalf of others, taking a commission for services. 2) something that contributes to the result.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


1 a mercantile agent. An agent who is in the ordinary course of business entrusted with goods or documents of title representing goods with a view to their sale. A factor has a lien over goods entrusted to him; this lien covers any claims he may have against his principal arising out of the agency. Most factors will be mercantile agents (and have the powers of such) for the purposes of the Factors Act 1889. Under this Act, in certain circumstances a factor may pass a good title to goods entrusted to him.
2 an institution to whom a company assigns its book debts (see FACTORING).
3 in Scotland a landlord or superior's agent.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Management includes histopathologic analysis, identification of etiologic factors, and attempts to alleviate or eradicate these factors.
If there are previously determined etiologic factors (allergen materials, etc.) that cause DG, those should be eliminated and oral hygiene practices should be improved.
Falling as a result of walking or running was the most common etiologic factor. Subluxation was the most common type of trauma.
Possible environmental, occupational, and other etiologic factors for Parkinson's disease: a case-control study in Germany.
Using human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is likely to replace Papanicolaou (Pap) testing for primary screening for cervical cancer for a variety of reasons--detection of the etiologic factor should predate the development of disease; urine testing for HPV may remove patient barriers to screening; and reduced interpretation error.
From these reports it is evident that the organism traverses the gastrointestinal tract, and the investigation of H pylori in these sites will assume increasing importance, since its presence may be an etiologic factor in inflammatory lesions of the gut.
A: Early sexual activity is the most significant etiologic factor in the causation of cervical cancer.
An etiologic factor was identified in 20 patients (40%) (upper respiratory tract infection in 4 patients, vestibular neuritis in two patients, head trauma in three patients, long-term bed rest in two patients, otosclerosis surgery in four patients, bone anchored hearing aid implantation in one patient, and migraine in four patients), and 60% of the cases were accepted as idiopathic or primary BPPV.
Although UVR is the primary extrinsic etiologic factor in BCC carcinogenesis, this association is not straightforward.5 Compared with cutaneous SCC, the relationship between chronic UVR exposure and BCC is relatively modest5 and even association between morphologic markers of cutaneous photo-damage and an increased risk of BCC has been proven only moderate.6
Trauma was found to be the main etiologic factor in TMJ ankylosis( n=46, 92%), followed by infections (n=3).
Prognosis depends on cause, the interval between clinical spasm and hypsarrythmia, rapidity of start of treatments The prognosis is better in the idiopathic or cryptogenic cases without known etiologic factor, and those having normal development status before the onset of the spasm, and normal neuroimaging prior to therapy Earlier studies, observed that in the subgroup of cryptogenic patients, a delay in initiation of treatment may be associated with worse outcome.