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le radical (R): etymon developpe par diffusion de la derniere consonne, prefixation ou incrementation (11) (a l'initiale, a l'interne ou a la finale) et comportant au moins une voyelle, et developpant la signification commune primordiale.
There is nevertheless in the present case sufficiently ample evidence for the existence of an etymon 'king, lord' widely distributed in East Asia and going back at least to the Puyo and Koguryo people, if not the Xiongnu.
17) Semantic reconstructions are the result of comparing the meanings of cognates and assigning the most plausible one(s) to their etymon by using both a quantitative rule and logic.
This is the only example in this investigation that showed that English did not depart from the original meaning but remained faithful to the etymon, whereas the continental languages changed the meaning, thus creating another false friend.
These would seem not to have undergone the i-mutation of proto-Old English *alBi- which produced Old English aelf and so Older Scots elf, instead requiring an Old English etymon *alf-.
53) I have treated the etymons of eam elsewhere, in my study of sibreden "the kin treaty," where I suggest the following etymology for this term that may persist in Germanic lexicons as a reflex of matriliny: "*awo-z-haim for the head of a household, a key role played, apparently, by the senior mother's brother .
Consequently, the approach taken has been one along the lines of that described by Macafee (1997: 202) in connection with the lexis of Older Scots: 'Where an Old Norse etymon is not known, a word may nevertheless be identified as Scandinavian by the discovery of parallels in the modern Scandinavian languages and dialects'.
Philology, that disciplinary anchor of territorial and extraterritorial nationalism, also relied on the linguistic tree, building up from the racine or etymon a genealogy of word families that, in their turn, "branch out" into heritage culture, patrimony, and national history.
Borrowings from dialect are excluded; to qualify, the etymon must have appeared in standard High German printed sources.
Probably the New SOED was wise not to go beyond the immediate etymon for loanwords (though the 'Guide' does not tell the user that that is the policy).
I do not understand the statement "ayen < *a-dayana-, the non-attested, but expected etymon of Persian ayine 'mirror'" (p.
The immediate etymon of monkey perhaps or presumably is MLG * moneke.