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The removal of a tenant from possession of premises in which he or she resides or has a property interest done by a landlord either by reentry upon the premises or through a court action.

Eviction may be in the form of a physical removal of a person from the premises or a disturbance of the tenant's enjoyment of the premises by disrupting the services and amenities that contribute to the habitability of the premises, such as by cutting off all utilities services to an apartment. The latter method is known as constructive eviction. An action of Ejectment is a legal process by which a landlord or owner of land may seek the eviction of his or her tenant.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. a generic word for the act of expelling (kicking out) someone from real property either by legal action (suit for unlawful detainer), a claim of superior (actual) title to the property, or actions which prevent the tenant from continuing in possession (constructive eviction). Most frequently eviction consists of ousting a tenant who has breached the terms of a lease or rental agreement by not paying rent, or a tenant who has stayed (held over) after the term of the lease has expired or only had a month-to-month tenancy. (See: unlawful detainer, constructive eviction, lease, adverse possession)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


the recovery of land.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

EVICTION. The loss or deprivation which the possessor of a thing suffers, either in whole or in part, of his right of property in such a thing, in consequence of the right of a third person established before a competent tribunal. 10 Rep. 128; 4 Kent, Com. 475-7; 3 Id. 464-5.
     2. The eviction may be total or partial. It is total, when the possessor is wholly deprived of his rights in the whole thing; partial, when he is deprived of only a portion of the thing; as, if he had fifty acres of land, and a third person recovers by a better title twenty-five; or, of some right in relation to the thing. as, if a stranger should claim and establish a right to some easement over the same. When the grantee suffers a total eviction, and he has a covenant of seisin, he recovers from the seller, the consideration money, with interest and costs, and no more. The grantor has no concern with the future rise or fall of the property, nor with the improvements made by the purchaser. This seems to be the general rule in the United States. 3 Caines' R. 111; 4 John. R. 1; 13 Johns. R. 50; 4 Dall. R. 441; Cooke's Term. R. 447; 1 Harr. & Munf. 202; 5 Munf. R. 415; 4 Halst. R. 139; 2 Bibb, R. 272. In Massachusetts, the measure of damages on a covenant of warranty, is the value of the land at the time of eviction. 3 Mass. R. 523; 4 Mass. R. 108. See, as to other states, 1 Bay, R. 19, 265; 3 Des. Eq. R. 245; 2 Const. R. 584; 2 McCord's R. 413; 3 Call's R. 326.
     3. When the eviction is only partial the damages to be recovered under the covenant of seisin, are a rateable part of the original price, and they are to bear the same ratio to the whole consideration, that the value of land to which the title has failed, bears to the value of the whole tract. The contract is not rescinded, so as to entitle the vendee to the whole consideration money, but only to the amount of the relative value of the part lost. 5 Johns. R. 49; 12 Johns. R. 126; Civ. Code of Lo. 2490; 4 Kent's Com. 462. Vide 6 Bac. Ab. 44; 1 Saund. R. 204: note 2, and 322 a, note 2; 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 656.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'The transgender persons were first evicted from Swat,' said the petitioner.
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BIRMINGHAM City Council may have unlawfully evicted more than 50 families by using bailiffs who turned up without notice after applying for writs 120 miles away in Huddersfield.
According to Head of the Wadi Maleh Council Aref Daraghmeh, Israeli soldiers temporarily evicted Palestinian families from their homes to conduct military drills from 6AM until 12PM.
Although HUD can encourage authorities to evict over-income residents, laws do not allow residents to be removed based solely on income, so authorities do not have to comply with HUD's request.
They were evicted yesThey were evicted yesterday after authorities built up evidence recording deliberate fires, criminal damage, illegal use of off-road motorbikes, noise nuisance and other antisocial behaviour.
AFTER we revealed widow Carol Sutherland was evicted, you praised the Labour council who refused to enforce the Bedroom Tax...
"Well I didn't leave quietly, so I got properly evicted.
“The Groh family and I are very thankful that the Court recognized that innkeepers have a responsibility not to evict their guests into circumstances where their guests are likely to be harmed,” said Shafner after the opinion was announced.
But Kirklees Neighbourhood Housing - owed approximately pounds 5m by current and former tenants - says it doesn't want to evict its debtors because it makes recovering the money even more difficult.