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EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in the common law courts. Bac. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 133-4. In early times it was the most frequent and most severe method of executing ecclesiastical censure, although proper to be used, said Justinian, (Nov. 123,) only upon grave occasions. The effect of it was to remove the excommunicated "person not only from the sacred rites but from the society of men. In a certain sense it interdicted the use of fire and water, like the punishment spoken of by Caesar, (lib, 6 de Bell. Gall.). as inflicted by the Druids. Innocent IV. called it the nerve of ecclesiastical discipline. On repentance, the excommunicated person was absolved and received again to communion. These are said to be the powers of binding and loosing the keys of the kingdom of heaven. This kind of punishment seems to have been adopted from the Roman usage of interdicting the use of fire and water. Fr. Duaren, De Sacris Eccles. Ministeriis, lib. 1, cap. 3. See Ridley's View of the Civil. and Ecclesiastical Law, 245, 246, 249.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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The post Excommunicated theologian asks Holy Synod to accept him back into the church appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
Mbuvi was excommunicated from the church along with several others by the Central Church Council of the AIC following its meeting held on the 21st and 22nd of March, 2007 at the AIC Ziwani.
"The decision of the council is that you be excommunicated for conduct contrary to the laws and order of the church," Young read to a crowd as the entire event was streamed online.
Kawardha (Chhattisgarh) [India], Feb.13 ( ANI ): A minor girl has had to suffer the ignominy of having her head half shaved and being excommunicated as an act of purification following an incident of eve teasing in Chhattisgarh's Kawardha district.
"In fact, these people are not excommunicated -- they are not excommunicated!
They were excommunicated for violating religious code of conduct and defying the authority of Akal Takht.
He excommunicated the Mafia, something that was nowhere near the horizon of his predecessors.
POPE Francis launched an attack on organised crime yesterday warning Mafia members were excommunicated.
There were times of crisis before this one, and in the third century Athanasius, who later became a saint, was excommunicated by local bishops for his views.
Campaigners at Catholic Truth want them banned from taking communion and "excommunicated".
The German bishops' conference had threatened that Catholics who officially left the church would be excommunicated, but this stance was overturned by a 2006 Vatican ruling that communicating a desire to leave the church to a tax official did not warrant excommunication--only a declaration to a priest would do so.
POPE Benedict XVI gave Australia its first saint yesterday, canonising a 19th-century nun who was briefly excommunicated, and also declaring five other saints in a Mass attended by tens of thousands of people.