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EXCOMMUNICATION, eccl. law. An ecclesiastical sentence, pronounced by a spiritual judge against a Christian man, by which he is excluded from the body of the church, and disabled to bring any action, or sue any person in the common law courts. Bac. Ab. h.t.; Co. Litt. 133-4. In early times it was the most frequent and most severe method of executing ecclesiastical censure, although proper to be used, said Justinian, (Nov. 123,) only upon grave occasions. The effect of it was to remove the excommunicated "person not only from the sacred rites but from the society of men. In a certain sense it interdicted the use of fire and water, like the punishment spoken of by Caesar, (lib, 6 de Bell. Gall.). as inflicted by the Druids. Innocent IV. called it the nerve of ecclesiastical discipline. On repentance, the excommunicated person was absolved and received again to communion. These are said to be the powers of binding and loosing the keys of the kingdom of heaven. This kind of punishment seems to have been adopted from the Roman usage of interdicting the use of fire and water. Fr. Duaren, De Sacris Eccles. Ministeriis, lib. 1, cap. 3. See Ridley's View of the Civil. and Ecclesiastical Law, 245, 246, 249.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his letter to the Holy Synod, Pitsillides reportedly said that his excommunication was unfair, irregular and void since it violated many of the articles of association of the church including the one stipulating that the only body that can impose an excommunication is the Holy Synod and not the five-party synod committee or synod court.
The Church attaches the canonical penalty of excommunication to this crime against human life."
"This penalty of excommunication means that those who undergo the abortion, together with everybody who played an active role in the effective abortion, are separated from the prayers of the Church the world over," he said.
When the (https://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/houston/article/Sugar-Land-bishop-excommunicated-for-speaking-out-13233642.php) Houston Chronicle reached out to the church regarding Young's excommunication, spokesperson Eric Hawkins reissued the same statement released during Young's excommunication hearing.
Vatican spokesman Fr Ciro Benedettini said the Pope's stern words did not constitute a formal over-arching decree of canon law, regarding excommunication, which is a formal legal process.
occupation will go eventually as several armies came to this region and went out throughout centuries." Sheikh Hayel Sharaf from the occupied town of Mas'ada said that "These media allegations are an attempt to target the people of the occupied Golan as they preserved their Arab identity despite more than four decades of occupation." Hassan Fakhr Eddin from the occupied town of Majdal Shams said that the 'excommunication' measure is taken against any person from the Golan who disobeys the will of his society and refuses the national principles.
"Threat of excommunication at this point of time can hardly be considered to be in line with dialogue," Odchimar said in a disclaimer issued yesterday which was published in the CBCP website.
Then, in 1988, Lefebvre consecrated four bishops (including Williamson) to stand in witness against what he judged to be the entrenched neo-Modernist and neo-Protestant tendencies even among the Roman hierarchy, for which Lefebvre and the four incurred excommunication. In January 2009, in the hope that all members of the Society of Saint Pius X would return to full communion with the Catholic Church, Pope Benedict lifted the excommunications--with little effect on the Society of Saint Pius X but with strong challenges emerging from both within and outside the Church.
Those medieval antagonists could not have foreseen the circumstances of excommunication's most recent return.
ENI--An international expert on church unity has urged the Roman Catholic Church to declare that its excommunication of Martin Luther no longer applies.
The pope sparked an international row in January when he lifted the excommunication of Richard Williamson, an ultra-conservative British bishop, who denied the use of gas chambers in the Holocaust.
It follows the worst crisis in Catholic-Jewish relations in half a century after Benedict lifted the excommunication of British Bishop Richard Williamson.