However, Perry and Gonzenbach (1997) found no significant differences in exemplification effects on the personal opinions of people with and without pre- existing attitudes.
Surprisingly, TTP have seldom been linked to exemplification effects.
Particularly, third-person effects and exemplification effects are both based on the assumption of an irrational audience (Andsager & White, 2007): it is logically impossible that everyone is right when assuming that the media have a stronger negative effect on other people.
Exemplification and Third-Person Effects on Perceptions of the Climate of Opinion
So far, it has been argued that there are similarities, which are crucial for possible interaction effects, between exemplification effects and TPP.
With respect to information processing, the underlying mechanisms of exemplification effects and TPP can both be regarded as heuristic judgments of majority distributions (see Tversky & Kahneman, 1974).
With regard to the generalization of given information to public opinion, exemplification effects are mostly interpreted as a heuristic fallacy (Gilovich, Griffin, & Kahneman, 2002): recipients are thought to be more likely to perform their assessment of the climate of opinion based on vivid, more easily processed exemplars, rather than on more valid yet more complex and abstract base-rate information.
Thus, in the simple case of a particular exemplifying a monadic universal the core of the fact is the diversity of We particular and the universal to which the exemplification function then clings.
Bergmann lays down explicit rules of this stepwise reconstruction in which the functions (of exemplification, of conjunction, etc.
41) Coles regards Yoder's understanding of the sinfulness of the church that requires a stance of constant reformation to be an exemplification of the kind of practice required by radical democracy.
For Wolin, therefore, Rawls becomes the exemplification of the end of politics.