Expulsion

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EXPULSION. The act of depriving a member of a body politic, corporate, or of a society, of his right of membership therein, by the vote of such body or society, for some violation of hi's. duties as such, or for some offence which renders him unworthy of longer remaining a member of the same.
     2. By the Constitution of the United States, art. 1, s. 5, Sec. 2, each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds' expel a member. In the case of John Smith, a senator from Ohio, who was expelled from the senate in 1807, the committee made a report which embraces the following points:
     3.-1. That the senate may expel a member for a high misdemeanor, such as a conspiracy to commit treason. Its authority is not confined to an act done in its presence.
     4.-2. That a previous conviction is, not requisite, in order to authorize the senate to expel a member from their body, for a high: offence against the United States.
     5.-3. That although a bill of indictment against a party for treason and misdemeanor has been abandoned, because a previous indictment against the principal party had terminated in an acquittal, owing to the inadmissibility of the evidence upon that indictment, yet the senate may examine the evidence for themselves, and if it be sufficient to satisfy their. minds that the party is guilty of a high misdemeanor it is a sufficient ground of expulsion.
     6.-4. That the 6th and 6th articles of the amendments of the Constitution of the United States, containing the general rights and privileges of the citizen, as to criminal prosecutions, refer only to prosecutions at law, and do not affect the jurisdiction of the senate as to expulsion.
     7.-5. That before a committee of the senate, appointed to report an opinion relative to the honor and privileges of the senate, and the facts respecting the conduct of the member implicated, such member is not entitled to be heard in his defence by counsel, to have compulsory process for witnesses, and to be confronted with his accusers. It is before the senate that the member charged is entitled to be heard.
     8.-6. In determining on expulsion, the senate is not bound by the forms of judicial proceedings, or the rules of judicial evidence; nor, it seems, is the same degree of proof essential which is required to convict of a crime. The power of expulsion must, in its nature, be discretionary, and its exercise of a more summary character. 1 Hall's Law Journ. 459, 465.
     9. Corporations have the right of expulsion in certain cases, as such power is necessary to the good order and government of corporate bodies; and the cases in which the inherent power may be exercised are of three kinds. 1. When an offence is committed which has no immediate relation to a member's corporate duty, but is of so infamous a nature as renders him unfit for the, society of honest men; such as the offences of perjury, forgery, and the like. But before an expulsion is made for a cause of this kind, it is necessary that there should be a previous conviction by a jury, according to the law of the land. 2. When the offence is against his duty as a corporator, in which case he may be expelled on trial and conviction before the corporation. 3. The third is of a mixed nature, against the member's duty. as a corporator, and also indictable by the law of the land. 2 Binn.448. See, also, 2 Burr., 536.
    10. Members of what are called joint stock incorporated companies, or indeed members of any corporation owning property, cannot, without express authority in the charter, be expelled, and thus deprived of their interest in the general fund. Ang. & Ames on Corp. 238. See; generally, Ang. & Ames on Corp. ch. 11; Willcock, on Mun. Cor. 270; 1 Co. 99; 2 Bing. 293.; 5 Day 329; Sty. 478; 6 Conn. R. 532; 6 Serg. & Rawle, 469; 5 Binn. 486.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps women's sublimations are not as easily propelled by a reactive anal disgust?(9) For example, Cixous and other feminist writers imagine multiple libidinal points of origin for different kinds of sublimatory productions based not on an expulsive distancing from but on a proximity to the body.
(42.) Henderson JW Expulsive Subchoroidal Hemorrhage associated with Cataract Extraction: Report of a Case with Survival of the Eye.
Naftopidil vs silodosin in medical expulsive therapy for ureteral stones: a randomized controlled study in Japanese male patients.
Distal ureteric stones are often treated with observation and/or medical expulsive therapies, extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) or distal ureteroscopy under spinal or general anesthesia.
The animal was showing exhaustive expulsive efforts, moderately anorectic but thirsty, had colic pain, kicking at its abdomen, switching in its tail and there is no sign of appearance of water bags or foetal extremities when presented for treatment.
Surgeons who are experienced using the morcellator can overcome these challenges by avoiding the myometrial interface and allowing uterine expulsive contractions to push the myoma into the cavity, making it unnecessary to penetrate the myometrium with the instrument.
Patients who are candidates for observation should be offered a trial of medical expulsive therapy using an [alpha]-antagonist or a calcium channel blocker.
[4] Drotaverine hydrochloride (Group I) reduced the duration of first stage of labour, gives pain relief and thereby reduces maternal exhaustion so that maternal expulsive forces are left intact with maximum powers.
Specifically, the topics covered include: conservative management, medical expulsive therapy, active intervention with either shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) or ureteroscopy (URS), factors affecting SWL treatment success, optimizing success, and special considerations (e.g., pregnancy, urinary diversion).
Dystocia occurs when there is failure in one or more of three main components of calving: expulsive forces, birth canal adequacy and fetal size and position (Noakes et al., 2001).
Use alternative wording "Mild vaginal bleeding" "Vaginal bleeding requiring two pads an hour" "Gentle traction" "The shoulders were rotated before assisting the patient's expulsive efforts" "Patient refuses..." "Patient voiced the nature of [or "declines..."] the problem and the alternatives that I have explained to her" "Expedited "The time from decision to cesarean section" incision was 35 minutes"