EC

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EC

abbreviation for EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neurologic outcome after penetrating extracranial arterial trauma.
Caption: Figure 2: Selective angiogram of the right internal carotid artery (ICA) showing focal dissecting aneurysm of the extracranial part of the right ICA (arrows).
--Results of extracranial carotid artery disease surgery were presented by descriptive statistic values: mean value, frequency and average.
"In our study, the use of immunotherapy seemed capable of inducing intracranial responses that were very similar to extracranial responses in character, depth, and duration," they wrote.
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group recursive partitioning analysis (RTOG-RPA) and graded prognostic assessment (GPA) are both important indexes that have been used for the prognosis evaluation of patients with BM.[11],[12] Based on age, Karnofsky performance status (KPS), the number of intracranial lesions, and the presence of extracranial metastasis, BM patients were classified into three or four prognostic groups.
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of extracranial vertebral artery stenosis.
Extracranial meningiomas are less common and constitute less than 2% of all meningiomas.
However, extracranial metastasis from meningioma is exceedingly rare and the main sites that were reported include the lungs, axial bones, pleura, mediastinum, and lymph nodes [1, 2].
In our patient, there were more than one complication of CSOM, and they were extracranial intratemporal, that is, petrositis and labyrinthitis.
Extracranial carotid artery pseudoaneurysms and aneurysms are extremely rare, altogether accounting for only 0.4-4% of all peripheral artery aneurysms.6-8 Studies have shown the incidence of 0.02%-0.4% of carotid pseudoaneurysms among all trauma patients.9 Post-traumatic saccular carotid aneurysms most often involve the mid segment of the cervical internal carotid artery.8 Although fusiform enlargement of the mediastinal segment of the left common carotid artery can occur in atherosclerotic disease and in some types of aortitis but a saccular pseudoaneurysm in this location has been recorded only in a few instances after major blunt chest trauma.8
The most common extracranial cause of trigeminal neuropathy is perineural spread of head and neck malignancies (2, 15).

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