joint

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Joint

United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

joint

adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

joint

adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
In our study, the facet joints were more in coronal positioning with an increased rate off facet tropism in the patients with spondylolysis.
Our literature search identified 18 cases of spine infections attributed to dental origin, but of these, only two cases of cervical facet joint infections, and no others infected with Streptococcus intermedius (Table 1).
Current concepts in evaluation of the lumbar facet joints.
It also demonstrates that invasive procedures are not always essential in the diagnosis and management of spine infection, even if that infection subtly affects the facet joints.
Those KMRI images make possible a detailed depiction of abnormalities derived from varying joints or spinal column postures, including spinal canal and/or intervertebral foramen narrowing and dysfunction of a facet joint apparent in lumbar spine KMRI, ligament dysfunction and meniscus deformation apparent in knee KMRI, and impingement syndromes, osteochondral defects, and loose bodies apparent in ankle KMRI.
In the lumbar region, the facet joints, lamina and pedicles have all been involved by the extradural intraspinal tophi that eventually erode or compress these structures.
As discs degenerate and lessen their support of the spine, the ligaments and the facet joints connecting the vertebrae may thicken, and the vertebrae may grow bone spurs.
A spine with scoliosis, for example, will have changes in facet joints that make the accuracy of densitometry problematic.
The electrodes in one set are sutured to the spine's spinous process and right and left facet joints one segment above the injury site, and the other leads are connected to the same points a segment below the injury site.
With minimized intervertebral motion through sports cessation, osseous and fibrous healing can take place, thus decreasing the risk of future degenerative changes in the intervertebral disk or facet joints.
Some proliferative or sclerotic changes of the L4-L5 and L5-S1 facet joints are likely.
This can be done by making sure that the facet joints are lined up and the vertebral bodies are truly lateral.