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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, the new finding of this study is based on the hypothesis that steroids and drugs administered in facet joints are effective in spreading to the epidural space in patients with spinal stenosis.
Radiofrequency therapy has been used for 30 years in pain syndromes caused by cervicogenic headache, medulla spinalis injuries, intercostal neuralgia, back pain due to facet joint dysfunction, discogenic pain, and sacroiliac joint pain [30, 31].
3D morphometric analysis of laminae and facet joints in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.
Facet joint (FJ) is a part of the three-column structure of the vertebrae and plays an important role in load transmission and maintenance of the stability of the spinal motion.
Sagittalization of the facet joints in segment L4-5 was also more frequently observed in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis compared to normal patients and patients with isolated spinal stenosis [47].
At the L4/L5 level, five patients with pseudoradicular referral were treated by the median border of the facet joint and the posterolateral oblique (MB + PL) approach [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b, while two patients without pseudoradicular referral were treated by the bilateral median border of the facet joint (MB + MB) approach [Figure 1]c and [Figure 1]d.
Presence and extent of severe facet joint osteoarthritis are associated with back pain in older adults.
(1,5) Although cervical facet joint infection is the least common site for pyogenic infection in the axial skeleton, several studies have helped elucidate a typical presentation.
Types of synovial fold in the cervical facet joint. J Ortho Sci.
The lumbar facet joint: a review of current knowledge: part 1: anatomy, biomechanics, and grading.
Caption: Figure 3 PT gaping L4-L5 by lifting from underneath the vertebrae to make space in the facet joints on the right side.
A spondylolysis occurs most commonly in the lumbar spine, and presents on an X-Ray as a gap between the facet joints, with a possible forward shifting of the vertebral body," stated in a report from Right Down Euclid.