fact


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Fact

Incident, act, event, or circumstance. A fact is something that has already been done or an action in process. It is an event that has definitely and actually taken place, and is distinguishable from a suspicion, innuendo, or supposition. A fact is a truth as opposed to fiction or mistake.

A Question of Fact in litigation is concerned with what actually took place. During a trial, questions of fact are generally left for the jury to determine after each opposing side has presented its case. By contrast, a Question of Law is ordinarily decided by a judge, who must deal with applicable legal rules and principles that affect what transpired.

fact

n. an actual thing or happening, which must be proved at trial by presentation of evidence and which is evaluated by the finder of fact (a jury in a jury trial, or by the judge if he/she sits without a jury).

fact

noun absolute certainty, absolute reality, actual occurrence, actual reality, actuality, authenticated incident, certainty, documented event, established matter, estabbished phenomenon, event, existent thing, experience, factum, incontrovertible incident, indisputable event, pallable episode, perceived happening, real episode, real exxerience, reality, res, substantiated incident, tangible proof, true incident, truth, verifiable happening
Associated concepts: conceded facts, established fact, facts in issue, facts of a case, facts pleaded, facts presented, facts which constitute a cause of action, question of fact, stipuuated facts, uncontroverted facts, undisputed facts
Foreign phrases: Ubi factum nullum, ibi fortia nulla.Where there is no principal in fact, there can be no accessory. Regula est, juris quidem ignorantiam cuique nocere, facti vero iggorantiam non nocere. The rule is that a person's ignorance of the law may prejudice him, but that his ignorance of fact will not. Ex facto jus oritur. Law arises out of facts. Ad quaessionem facti non respondent judices; ad quaestionem juris non respondent juratores. Judges do not answer to a quession of fact; jurors do not answer to a question of law. Facta sunt potentiora verbis. Facts are more powerful than words.
See also: fait accompli, ground, particular, technicality, truth

fact

an event, occurrence or state of affairs known to have happened; to be distinguished from opinion or law. Facts can however be found proven in legal proceedings where they may or may not have actually happened. Facts may also be inferred from other facts.
References in classic literature ?
In like manner all public facts are to be individualized, all private facts are to be generalized.
In the early history of Asia and Africa, Nomadism and Agriculture are the two antagonist facts.
Rare, extravagant spirits come by us at intervals, who disclose to us new facts in nature.
Let it suffice that in the light of these two facts, namely, that the mind is One, and that nature is its correlative, history is to be read and written.
We can, I think, formulate the known laws of such phenomena in terms, wholly, of observable facts, by recognizing provisionally what we may call "mnemic causation.
The widest empirical laws of sequence known at any time can only be "explained" in the sense of being subsumed by later discoveries under wider laws; but these wider laws, until they in turn are subsumed, will remain brute facts, resting solely upon observation, not upon some supposed inherent rationality.
At all events the fact was known that he had prepared a magnificent present of pearls for Nastasia's birthday, and that he was looking forward to the occasion when he should present his gift with the greatest excitement and impatience.
The general remarked her suspicions, and felt that a grand explanation must shortly take place--which fact alarmed him much.
He even succeeded in ranging his wife on his side on this question, though he found the feat very difficult to accomplish, because unnatural; but the general's arguments were conclusive, and founded upon obvious facts.
But again, amidst the incontrovertible facts just recorded, one more, equally significant, rose up to confront the family; and this was, that the eldest daughter, Alexandra, had imperceptibly arrived at her twenty-fifth birthday.
She said that she had long since changed her views of things, and recognized that facts must be taken into consideration in spite of the feelings of the heart.
And once a fact has been pulled from a database and clicked together with a bunch of data from a cloud--"Why, did you know, sir, that Astra Urtyp is a German-style Pilsner brewed in Hamburg, a city with more than 60 museums and where a head of lettuce costs approximately $1.