We see that across specifications including several control variables, the Hot Hand and Gambler's Fallacies
Using Thomas Sowell's Economic Facts and Fallacies
, students are able to understand the background surrounding many common fallacies
and the empirical facts related to each topic.
When one considers that the term "fallacies
" is used in a completely different way much later on in Chapter 10 (in the section on "fallacies
of judgment"), it seems fair to conclude that the book's treatment of fallacies
could use some editorial stabilization.
Massey's general complaint about the traditional treatment of fallacies
is that it does not provide anything but a miscellany of arguments considered fallacious because of reasons so different that while they may support placing them under a common pejorative label, they cannot underpin a highly articulated theory.
2 is meant to be an anchor from which can be shown how each of the five fallacies
discussed below entices a departure from a coherent reality, where the logical sequence of events is consistent for every reference frame, into an incoherent reality where physical events differ based on reference frames from which observations are made.
The interest in fallacies
and the importance of studying them are determined by the fact that deviation from the standard practices can shed light on the process of normative argumentation and provide interactants with techniques that will enable them to make interaction more effective.
It goes on to examine the fallacies
they have advanced to justify inaction despite the emergent scientific consensus on global warming.
Dacey argues that they are confused, having succumbed to two fallacies
, the Privacy and Liberty Fallacies
: 'The Privacy Fallacy consists in assuming that because matters of conscience are private in the sense of nongovernmental, they are private in the sense of personal preference .
Although these two kinds of reasoning do involve some elementary logical mistakes, it happens that in exposing these fallacies
the critics sometimes introduce serious misconceptions of their own.
He presents basic concepts in reasoning and understanding fallacies
and goes through many specific examples of types of fallacies
, such as the fallacy of exclusion and red herring fallacy, and comments on their occurrence in medicine.
Most of the fallacies
of concern underlie economic policies that have not achieved their objectives and have often led to disastrous unintended consequences.
My good friend Bob Humphrey, a wildlife biologist and outdoor writer, and I were discussing some of the major fallacies
about whitetails and, more specifically, whitetail hunting.