Economic growth is a process of falsifiable
learning by entrepreneurs who conduct business experiments to expand economic knowledge.
(1) Descriptive theory based on retrospective analysis where variables and environmental conditions cannot be fully known or controlled, versus predictive theory offering falsifiable
propositions subject to experimental testing and validation.
We make the (falsifiable
!) hypothesis that this approach to knowledge will improve our ability to control our environment.
However, as soon as I found out what LMR meant in plain Turkish, I realized that what she said was no more or less falsifiable
than saying God created the heavens and the earth in 6 days and rested on the 7th.
For example, research that examined 72 congressional committee hearings on Medicare, an area when the Constitution is not usually invoked, concluded that participants offer falsifiable
rationales when the issue is only moderately contentious.
In other words, one is rightfully called scientifically illiterate if he looks at a mountain of real, testable, repeatable, falsifiable
evidence that all points to one conclusion, yet still rejects it.
The phrase "science proceeds by testing falsifiable
hypotheses" is similarly imprecise.
(2) We searched for falsifiable
predictions (that is, those that have the potential to be proven wrong) in the three-month period before the 2007 and 2010 federal elections.
A theory is scientific "if, and only if it has the potential to be refuted by some possible observation," that is, it has to be falsifiable
. (For example, for Popper 2+2 = 4 is not a scientific theory for it cannot be verified scientifically.) If a theory is too broad, it is not falsifiable
and hence non-scientific.
To this end, they must develop testable and falsifiable
hypotheses, design experiments, develop procedures, and conduct experiments to test the hypotheses and draw evidence-based conclusions.
Popper also argues that the solution to the problem of induction additionally provides a solution to the seemingly independent problem of demarcation (that is to say, the problem of defining science): a discipline is scientific when its statements are falsifiable
(when they can be empirically refuted).
NEW YORK: It is the mark of science and perhaps rational thought more generally to operate with a falsifiable
understanding of how the world operates.