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Relating to the general government or union of the states; based upon, or created pursuant to, the laws of the Constitution of the United States.

The United States has traditionally been named a federal government in most political and judicial writings. The term federal has not been prescribed by any definite authority but is used to express a broad opinion concerning the nature of the form of government.

A recent tendency has been to use the term national in place of federal to denote the government of the Union. Neither settles any question regarding the nature of authority of the government.

The term federal is generally considered to be more appropriate if the government is to be viewed as a union of the states. National is used to reflect the view that individual state governments and the Union as a whole are two distinct and separate systems, each of which is established directly by the population for local and national purposes, respectively.

In a more general sense, federal is ordinarily used to refer to a league or compact between two or more states to become joined under one central government.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besim Hoda from the Association of NLA Veterans stressed that the federalization of Macedonia shouldn't be sought, but conquered.
Political observer Imer Ismaili stressed that the speculations in the Macedonian public regarding the federalization of Macedonia are in the spirit of the new pre-electoral ambience.
Other countries used federalization to bind their political entities.
Federalization supporters in Kharkiv, Donetsk, Gorlovka, Slaviansk and Kramatorsk have refused to recognize the legitimacy of the current Ukrainian government and are urging interim authorities to hold referendums similar to the one held in Crimea last month, which led to the republic's reunification with Russia.(Cihan/Ria)
There are also key issues that the proponents of federalization are omitting.
Every Albanian that wants promotion and protection of their national interests in Macedonia should join the initiative of the Federalization of Macedonia", stressed Basha, after meeting with representatives from the Albanian Diaspora.
Following the regime change in late February, the citizens of the predominantly Russian-speaking southeastern regions of Ukraine refused to recognize the legitimacy of the country's interim government and called for federalization and referendums on greater autonomy, with rallies sweeping through the region.
Federalization has been depicted by its proponents as the panacea for our national problems.
This Movement also demands fixed budget allocation with proportional quotas clearly determined in the Constitution, territory federalization of Macedonia or asymmetric federalization with a capital city as a separate administrative unit.
The referendum was held on Sunday in the eastern Ukrainian regions of Donetsk and Lugansk, where supporters of Ukraine's federalization proclaimed in April the establishment of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
Sema recalled that there was a convergence and harmonization of the MILF and MNLF peace tracts signed on June 29, 2016, and implementing these soonest during Duterte's administration may serve as a model for the other areas of the Philippines in line with the government's federalization plan.
The second form is autonomy, then federalization, and at the end both federalization and confederation," Sela said.