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Federal

Relating to the general government or union of the states; based upon, or created pursuant to, the laws of the Constitution of the United States.

The United States has traditionally been named a federal government in most political and judicial writings. The term federal has not been prescribed by any definite authority but is used to express a broad opinion concerning the nature of the form of government.

A recent tendency has been to use the term national in place of federal to denote the government of the Union. Neither settles any question regarding the nature of authority of the government.

The term federal is generally considered to be more appropriate if the government is to be viewed as a union of the states. National is used to reflect the view that individual state governments and the Union as a whole are two distinct and separate systems, each of which is established directly by the population for local and national purposes, respectively.

In a more general sense, federal is ordinarily used to refer to a league or compact between two or more states to become joined under one central government.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Congress has supervisory authority over the armed forces generally, but the authority to train the militia and appoint militia officers is reserved to the states, provided they conduct that training "according to the discipline prescribed by Congress." Congress also has power to provide for calling the militia into federal service, meaning that Congress can federalize the militia of one or more states or pass legislation authorizing the president to call the militia into federal service.
There is apparently no need for Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez to threaten local officials into supporting the administration's push to revise the 1987 Constitution and federalize the government.
Last Thursday, Alvarez told local officials that he would give zero budget to provinces whose leaders would not cooperate in the administration's move to tinker the 1986 Constitution and federalize the government.
Congress federalize certain portions of our judicial system that, up until now, have been the province of the states?"--F.
The controversial bill, part of the National Defense Authorization Act, would permit the president to federalize National Guard units in the event of "a serious natural or manmade disaster, accident, or catastrophe that occurs in the United States, its territories and possessions, or Puerto Rico." The proposal, born of the chaos following the Hurricane Katrina disaster, was passed in the House but awaits Senate approval.
He said the Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro, which the government signed in 2014 with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) to be fleshed out with enabling legislation in the form of the BBL, had also been rendered moot by the new government and its plan to federalize the political system.
We have assigned pluses to the "nays" because this legislation would further federalize the criminal code as well as punish not only criminal acts but the thoughts behind them.
We have assigned pluses to the "nays" because the bill would further federalize the educational system, and federal aid to education is unconstitutional.
This would include "setting training and equipment standards, providing resource grants, and encouraging intelligence and information sharing among state emergency management officials, local first responders, the Defense Department, and the FBI," and "pulling together private sector activities, including those of the medical community, on recovery, consequence management, and planning for continuity of services." Such proposals, if implemented, would concentrate in the Executive Branch vast new powers to federalize state and local police activities.
Second, the Mexican Constitution currently gives the states the power to enact local civil codes that control private actions; this bill "federalizes" pollution claims and moves the jurisdiction to the federal courts.
The consequence for not acting within 30 days of application is that the bill "federalizes" local video franchising and eliminates the 1 percent fee for public, educational and government access channels used to carry local programming and appropriate institutional network obligations for government and emergency communications.
They argue that the Full Faith and Credit clause of the Constitution essentially federalizes the issue; hence a constitutional amendment is necessary.