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It also would show where they do most of their hunting, providing critical data on use of habitat during foraging and possibly indicating the value of types of habitat that were previously thought to be unimportant or marginal, as has happened for several other felid species (Fernandez et al.
It is notable that, with the exception of bear and felid, these animals are represented together in the fauna at Pinarbasi.
The Pampas cat, because of its wide geographical and ecological distribution, is considered to be a more adaptable small felid (Oliveira 1994), and may be able to switch to alternative preys and would be competitively favoured with respect to the more specialized O.
The Australian Late Pleistocene fossil record includes no ursid and only single mustelid, felid and canid analogues: the Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii), the Marsupial 'Lion' (Thylacoleo carnifex) and the Thylacine or Tasmanian 'Tiger' (Thylacinus cynocephalus) [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED].
By the late 1800s, however, only a few of the felids still survived in remote recesses of the Upper Peninsula (UP) (Zuidema 1999).
Despite the size difference between a household cat and a big felid such as a cheetah or mountain lion, a high-quality, meat-protein-based diet is the basic nutritional requirements of all cats -- big and small.
The relatively high number of carnivores in the assemblage at the rockshelter (three canids and a felid out of 14 mammalian taxa) brings to mind the possibility that the bones were transported to the shelter by one or more of the carnivores.
The jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi) is a small-sized diurnal felid with slender and elongated body, small head, long tail, and dark or reddish coloration {Oliveira, 1998).
This discrepancy of confirmed felid species, coupled with the limited number of local names for small cats in the area (Table 2), led us to consider all small cats as a group.
Reducing the threat of felid predation on livestock will have broad implications for future conservation of jaguar and puma in the Neotropics.
Samples identified as felid were digested with Bsl I (New England Biolabs, Ipswich, Massachusetts), which cuts fragments from cougars, but not bobcats.
Cowpox virus was first isolated from felid species--lions (Panthera leo), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), black panthers (Panthera pardus), ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), jaguars (Panthera onca), pumas (Felis concolor), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Pallas cat (Otocolobus manul), and domestic cat (Felis catus)-during an outbreak in the Moscow Zoo in 1973-1974 (11) and subsequently from 3 cheetahs in Whipsnade Park, England, in 1977 (12).