For the femoral canal
diameter, however, at the mid-femur and 150 mm levels, the canal shape is close to circular.
On the femoral side, we inserted the cementless femoral implant into the femoral canal
with the same operation protocol of Case 1.
There have been some studies about race variances in human proximal femoral canal
(Rawal et al., 2012; Tawada et al., 2015; Umer et al., 2010; Yang et al., 2014; Yeung et al., 2006), however, there is no adequate studies about it in dog breeds.
Because it was lower than 3, Indonesian have stovepipe femoral canal
(3-5 is normal; >5 is champagne-fluted).
(19) Femoral hernias develop in the empty space at the medial aspect of the femoral canal
and are more commonly seen in women.
(ii) Hernia occurring in plane similar to femoral canal
but deep to pubic ramus.
Anatomically, they represent herniations of the peritoneal sac through the femoral ring into the femoral canal
, lying postero-inferiorly to the inguinal ligament.
Our standard PLND involves the dissection and removal of lymphatic tissue from the level of the external iliac vein to the obturator nerve, extending proximally to the common iliac artery bifurcation and distal to the proximal femoral canal
to include the node of Cloquet.
In the earlier years, cement was finger packed into the femoral canal
After prosthesis design completed (Fig4), the simulation of prosthesis in the femoral canal
begins and important parameters such as anteversion and CCD are extracted (Fig5).
The use of a collarless stem is not justified in this case as while cementing there will be gap on the medial side after the neck cut has been made through which cement could extrude out and could lead to an unstable prosthesis which might sink within the femoral canal
. Also, the use of a collarless stem for a relatively undisplaced femoral neck fracture in a physiologically young patient is unjustified.
More cost effective than purchasing individual instruments, this all-in-one tray system includes a disposable inserter rod, two restrictors, femoral canal
brush, two sculpts and a femoral canal