Andy Street, West Midlands Mayor; Paul Kilbride, headmaster, Old Swinford Hospital; Malcolm Wilcox, chairman, feoffees
Sin embargo, estos ultimos desconocian las relaciones de confianza (use) establecidas por el feoffor use en beneficio de terceros (cestui que use) que debian ser cumplidas por el feoffee
El donante no mantiene, ni quiere mantener (compartida con el feoffee
) la propiedad del bien.
The beneficiary had no interest capable of enforcement by the courts of common law and had no way at law of seeking relief in respect of misconduct by the feoffee
whom we would equate with the trustee in modern terms.
Diffuse denotes the different institutions and organizations that had part of this fragmented authority: lordship (manor court and view of frankpledge); parochial institutions and officers (churchwardens, sidesmen, and their delegated officers); and the "trust," which consisted of the feoffees
and the two bridgemasters.
[He] conveyed his property to various feoffees
, to the use of himself and certain of his heirs--specifically, the heirs he might beget by marrying a series of six women, all of whom were already married to other men--then for ten years as he might appoint by his will--then to his feoffees
' use during Christopher's life--then to the use of Christopher's male heirs." (26) Sir Richard's plan, it was thought, eluded the exact terms of Henry VIII's statute by conferring uses that were wholly contingent, or in futuro: that is, conferred to persons who were "persons not in being." (27) Thus Coke would label Chudleigh's conveyance a perpetuity because there was no foreseeable date at which his estate would be disentangled from these layers of contingent interests.
(15) The Statute tried to convert all equitable uses into legal estates by eliminating the feoffee
to uses, making the beneficiary the legal owner.
It was legitimate and lawful if the overlord failed to comply with his obligations vis-a-vis his feoffee
and vice versa.
The cases usually involved passive uses, which resembled the modern bare trust in imposing few obligations on the feoffee
or trustee beyond the duty to preserve the trust estate and to convey it at the direction of the settlor.
Yale says that one of the earliest examples of the assertion of this point in generalized form occurs in Francis Bacon's Reading on the Statute of Uses (1600), which quotes a dictum of Fenner J.: "[U]ses are ordered and guided by conscience, either by the private conscience of the feoffee
, or the general conscience of the realm, which is Chancery." (71) Another example occurs in a letter of Sir Francis Moore to Bishop John Williams upon the latter's accession to the office of lord keeper in 1621: he is taking upon himself "a power of jurisdiction according to Equity and Conscience ...
In attendance were current and former students of the Stourbridge School, together with teachers, parents, Governors and Feoffees
He is also Chairman of the Feoffees
(Trustees) of Chethams School of Music, and a member of the Board of Governors of the University of Manchester.