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A specially constructed vessel to bring passengers and property across rivers and other bodies of water from one shoreline to another, making contact with a thoroughfare at each terminus. The landing place for a boat. A right or privilege to maintain a vessel upon a body of water in order to transport people and their vehicles across it in exchange for payment of a reasonable toll. Technically a ferry is considered a continuation of a highway from one side of the body of water that it passes over to the other.

The privilege of handling a ferry is called a franchise. A ferry franchise is a permit from the state to a specifically named individual giving that person the authority to operate a ferry. It is a general prerequisite to the lawful establishment of a public ferry. The operator of a ferry is not relieved of the duty to obtain a franchise by formation of a company, since the franchise becomes a contract between the owner and the state.

Usually the grant of a ferry franchise implicitly gives the recipient the power to collect tolls. Ferriage is the fare that the ferry operator may charge. The unauthorized establishment of another ferry within competing distance of an already existing one constitutes an infringement of the ferry franchise, even in the absence of physical interference.

A ferry franchise can be terminated either by expiration of its term or by revocation by the licensing authorities. It is generally subject to renewal, for which the original owner is usually given a preference.

A public ferry is for use by the public at large, whereas a private ferry is operated solely for the benefit of its proprietor.

The state has intrinsic authority to regulate and control ferries that operate within its borders. It may exercise such power by law or by contract with the operator. The state may regulate the transportation of dangerous articles, the nature and frequency of service, and the location of terminals. In addition, it may impose a license fee or tax on the operation of ferries within its boundaries.


a legal right to charge for transporting passengers by boat. See REGALIA MINORA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ofa Fainga'anuku has been on a long journey since his days as a ferryman in Sydney, taking in four months in Glasgow before arriving at Worcester
LinesOfBattleransixthin the Coventry Stakes behind DawnApproachbutitisThe Ferryman who catches the eye.
Bass-baritone Joel Klein gave a well-studied and projected characterization as the Traveller, interacting with the Ferryman, sung by baritone Sam Marcaccini with powerful vocal acumen.
It seems he's carrying a spirit that owes the Ferryman his famous coin, and is leaping from body to body to avoid ponying up the cash.
James Ferryman, a scientist at Britain's Reading University who is working on a flight security product, quoted by Reuters, August 11
Honorary Tiger contains numerous fascinating vignettes of life among the beasts--of Billy having to fend off the advances of an amorous female leopard, and of acting as ferryman for the same creature, transporting her with her young across a river in flood--but the major thread is provided by his experiences as a voluntary wildlife warden in Dudhwa National Park on the Nepalese border.
As a ferryman, the narrator takes others with him on his quest for Nissim.
Horus served his father as a ferryman of the dead into the afterlife.
In Siddhartha this theme is concretized in the deep friendship between Govinda and Siddhartha, and later between Siddhartha and Vasudeva, the ferryman.
Jacobsen's first novel, Fru Marie Grubbe (1876), is a psychological study of a 17th-century woman whose natural instincts are stronger than her social instincts, resulting in her descent on the social scale from a viceroy's consort to the wife of a ferryman.