was classified into four groups--vertex, breech, oblique lie, and face presentation.
The contemporary chiropractic technique used for turning breech or other adverse fetal presentation
is called the "Webster In-Utero Constraint Turning Technique" or Webster's technique after Dr.
"To avoid undiagnosed breech deliveries, information about the mother's and the father's own presentation at birth will be valuable in the evaluation of fetal presentation
in the third trimester."
Patients were not included in the study if they delivered before 36 weeks of gestation, delivered an infant weighing less than 2,500 g, had a noncephalic fetal presentation
, had a multiple gestation, had an extension of an episiotomy on a previous delivery, or received successive episiotomies, Dr.
The standard form also included information on factors potentially related to perineal tears, such as maternal age, epidural use, use of forceps or vacuum, shoulder dystocia, fetal presentation
, gestational age (based on last menstrual period or on ultrasound dating, if the 2 estimations differ by more than 10 days), birth weight, head circumference of the newborn, and the training (obstetrics and gynecology or general or family medicine) and identity of the birth attendant.
After taking into consideration fetal presentation
, parity, gestational age, cervical favorability, presence of signs/risk factors for chorioamnionitis and by exclusion of fetal distress, Cephalopelvic Disproportion, labour is induced at the time of presentation.
The vaginal examination is done to assess cervical dilation, fetal viability and fetal presentation
, position and posture.
A more detailed pelvic examination is necessary to investigate the source of vaginal bleeding, or to detect occult bleeding, and to assess dilatation and effacement of the cervix and fetal presentation