feudal system


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

feudal system

the social and economic system operating in England from the 11th century and in Scotland from the 12th century and having as its legal manifestation the holding (rather than ownership) of land via a hierarchical system of tenures. Historically it was based upon the receipt of land from the Crown in exchange for homage (a promise to fight for the superior in battle) and an oath of fealty (or fidelity). In England, the main incidents of feudal tenure were abolished in 1660 with the Tenures Abolition Act, although theoretically freehold land is still regarded as being held of the Crown. In Scotland, the feudal system declined in importance after the Land Tenure Reform Act 1974 and it is in the course of being abolished as a result of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure Act 2000. It is still relevant in the Channel Islands.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yanev's party said in a declaration that the judge is a stark example of the feudal system reigning over Bulgaria's district courts, pointing out Arshinkov has hired as magistrates all his wife's friend so that they can rule in favor of rich defendants.
The outcome is absolutism and arbitrary rule that makes power a "fetish" pursued with "self-referential authority" by the sovereign who co-opts institutions of the state and feudal system for self-aggrandizement.
Then I read the book review about the "coming democratization of the Catholic church." The author, it seems, hopes for the collapse of the church's feudal system. This, he maintains, will be accomplished by pressures from above and below.
The feudal system produced the "capitalist mode of production," which caused the demise of the feudal system and produced a capitalist society by the late 1700s, along with the separation of church and state, secularism, and freedom of thought.
Under England's feudal system, kings award wealthy nobles like Mary's father their own stretches of land, known as fiefs.
Was Black Death responsible for the destruction of the feudal system? What disease helped end the slave trade?
"Drawn mostly from peasant stock, the Frenchmen who settled Acadia in the early 17th century left behind a feudal system in which land ownership was denied to them, to move to a continent with vast open spaces where, for the first time, they were able to cultivate a piece of land for themselves," observes historian (and Acadian descendant) Dr.
SJR: From afar, in Pine Point, Maine, on the shores of the Atlantic, I dare to speak my faith to the feudal system of church governance now being bludgeoned in the St.
Although this feudal system was breaking up, people didn't yet have an alternative.
A TRAINER in Berkshire has "sacked" more than 60 members of staff inside a year in a display of the feudal system that persists in British racing, a former stable worker claimed yesterday, write Tony Smurthwaite and Andrew Scutts.
Future barony sales will not be affected by the Scottish Parliament's reform of the feudal system of land ownership.
Already disappearing were the days when a few favored individuals, relics of a feudal system of patronage, alone bore the financial and management burdens of dance training, concerts, and performing companies.