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An assumption made by a court and embodied in various legal doctrines that a fact or concept is true when in actuality it is not true, or when it is likely to be equally false and true.

A legal fiction is created for the purpose of promoting the ends of justice. A common-law action, for example, allowed a father to bring suit against his daughter's seducer, based on the legal fiction of the loss of her services. Similarly, the law of torts encompasses the legal fiction of the rule of Vicarious Liability, which renders an employer responsible for the civil wrongs of his or her employees that are committed during their course of employment. Even though the employer generally is uninvolved in the actual act constituting the tort, the law holds the employer responsible since, through a legal fiction, he or she is deemed to be in direct control of the employee's actions. A seller of real estate might, for example, be liable in an action for Fraud committed by his or her agent in the course of a sale.


References in periodicals archive ?
"My favorite fictional lawyer is Joe Pesci's character Vinny Gambini in the movie 'My Cousin Vinny.' He was scrappy, he didn't back down and ultimately he was a winner!"
Owner: Bruce Wayne Property type: Manor Size: 500 acres of land Filming location: Wallaton Hall, Nottingham Fictional location: New Jersey PS97,815,237
"Ang Probinsyano" features a fictional PNP chief and a similarly fictional vice president who are working together in illegal activities.
The confusion comes because the Hawaii task force series got super meta during a Season 3 episode, titled "Hoa Pili," when Steve McGarrett (Alex O'Loughlin), Danny Williams (Scott Caan), Max Bergman (( Masi Oka ) and Kamekona (Taylor Wily) referenced "Magnum, P.I," the show, not a person in their fictional universe.
London [UK], August 9 ( ANI ): Many Real Madrid players, including Dani Carvajal and Theo Hernandez, have welcomed the signing of Alex Hunter, who is a fictional character in the FIFA game series.
A selfie of the written kind, the fictional autobiography is an exercise in the dynamics of identity.
"In a fictional format, it is expected that you have to sugarcoat your story, entertain the audience and still manage to say what you want to say.
The various media sources that may impact public perceptions of crime, crime prevention, and public safety can be divided into two major categories: fictional and non-fictional depictions.
The fictional town of Itomori, where half of movie takes place, was set in Japan's Gifu Prefecture.
Different types of authors practice fictional writing, including novelists, playwrights, short story writers, dramatists and screenwriters.
His graphic memoir Epileptic (L'Ascension du haut mal, 1996-2003) garnered comparisons to Max Ernst, but the two-part Incidents in the Night demonstrates a wider scope of influences, which are allowed to run free in this fictional escapade.