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File

A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

file

1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

file

to start a court action.
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers theorize that passing through a doorway has a "boundary effect" that signals the brain that a new episode of activity is beginning and prompts the mind to file away information about activity in one space so it can better focus on a new activity in a different space.
The under-carriage of the table also contains an integrated magazine rack to file away all your daily newspapers or glossy magazines.
File away dry skin on your soles and heels, once or twice a week, filing away from you.
CHRIS WOOD is one to file away for the future as the 20-year-old isn't turning pro just yet.
I hope you'll file away this Buyer's Guide issue along with the October issue.
"Quiz fans might want to file away the fact that the longest street name on the map is Sir Winston Churchill Place.