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A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


to start a court action.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
The link will take them to an affidavit that must be filled out, notarized and sent to the NASA Regional Applications Center, where it'll be filed away.
Klein's Home Improvement uses duplicate checks, so when the duplicate comes in, it--along with the receipt from the actual purchase--is attached to the signed form and filed away. A similar process is used for the credit card purchase request, used most often for ordering office supplies and other items online (the form is not used for cards possessed by the company's two estimators and Randy Klein, Nancy's husband and the company's co-owner).
As books decrease in demand they are filed away to an archive (i.e.
I have done the same with the over 1,600 articles I have filed away. But I've gone one step further; I've created an online catalog of my books and articles so I can find what I need when I need it.
Thomas Schutte's Hund, 2005, was being fired in a kiln days before the opening, while Paul Nash's seventy-five-year-old photographs of dead trees had been filed away in the Tate archives for decades.
The asset of information is generated by every organisation on a continuous basis, yet in many cases this asset is not being used to its full potential and instead is simply filed away and forgotten, or even disregarded completely.
Prior to the Enron case, and during the period of a "soft market" for D & O insurance, nearly all D & O claims were customarily met with a "reservation of rights" letter from the carrier, which was normally cursorily read by the company's risk manager and/or general counsel, then promptly filed away. The claim progressed towards conclusion, and was ultimately dismissed, resolved or paid, likely without much fuss from the carrier.
So now you have two, maybe three versions of various color separations that contain some kind of minor changes from varying traps, small color corrections or slight dot gain cutback differences that you simply cannot see in the film or plates that are now filed away together with no identification.
Bernice Board, 55, handed it to police who filed away the DNA profile they found - then matched it to a computer graduate in Greater Manchester they arrested last December for possessing cannabis.
Once the process is completed and the new mission statement displayed prominently in the lobby and published in a newsletter, many strategic plan documents are filed away and forgotten, in other instances, they become static or unchangeable, even though an organization is evolving.
Research that you and your students have completed should not just be filed away.
"All of your associations, beliefs and attitudes are pictures filed away in the mind.