file

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File

A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

file

1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

file

to start a court action.
References in periodicals archive ?
You have to use the desk, filing cabinet, shelves, and supply cabinet you already have.
But household designers have got down to business now and the shops are filled with everything from desks to filing cabinets that are functional and fun.
A single 5 1/4-inch disk stores hundreds of thousands of documents, which would normally take up the space of a two-drawer filing cabinet. The high-tech pioneer has revolutionized the records management of more than 40 government and commercial organizations, including the Internal Revenue Service, the U.S.
The Investor-Force Communication [Center.sup.SM] bills itself as an electronic organizer that's free to institutional investors; an executive with parent company InvestorForce.com calls it "a virtual filing cabinet and administrative assistant." The secure site -- it is located behind the Investor Force.com firewall -- streamlines investors' corporate mailboxes, putting e-mails, faxes and attachments in one location.
With its sleek industrial lines, deep practical drawers and wipe-clean surfaces the filing cabinet is coming into its own - even appearing as bedside tables in some of the more trendy homes.
In a direct comparison with corrugated cardboard boxes (the kind most companies use in a move), Mov-n-Box saves companies $10.50 per each five-drawer lateral filing cabinet. In a major relocation, this can mean savings in the of thousands of dollars.
The three-year-old closed Saul in a filing cabinet, waved her wand and said "hocus pocus".