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File

A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

file

1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

file

to start a court action.
References in periodicals archive ?
The two-day deadline will, in reality, be a one-day deadline for paper filings, since a day will generally be required for transmitting the report by mail or courier to the SEC.
Of the 47 states, life insurance filings are accepted by 42; health insurance filings, 32; and property/casualty filings, 43.
Major corporations spend extraordinary amounts of time creating tax reports with desktop publishing tools, word processors, spreadsheets, and templates that are supposed to ensure compliance with myriad requirements affecting tax filings and reports.
Pennsylvania Insurance Department Approves Mid-Year Workers' Comp Filings
New Hampshire bankruptcy filings are on their way down again, but only slightly.
"We have experienced e-filing for some companies, but we discovered few problems with the system in terms of signing the filings," said Mina, noting that the ETA is working hard to solve thecurrent e-filing system.
Also, civil filings are more complicated than criminal filings, Hall said, because there are more types of cases and filing fees and costs apply.
The latest figures show a 7.8% increase in patent filings in the EPO's "computer technology" category to a total of 9,869 applications filed in 2014.
The data showed that the overall consumer filing total for January reached 92,669, down from the 118,146 consumer filings recorded in December 2010.
A study by Pricewaterhouse-Coopers LLP finds that the number of federal class action filings in securities dropped in the second quarter of 2010, compared to the same period the previous year.
There were 1.3 million bankruptcy filings in the year that ended on June 30, a 35% increase over the previous year's total of 967,831, according to data compiled by the Administrative Office of U.S.