fingerprint


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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
These preliminary results demonstrate that DNA fingerprints are capable of changing completely the emphasis of blood-grouping [biochemical identifications] in forensic science," say Gill, Jeffreys and Werrett.
The 3M System converts document holders' fingerprints into a biometric template then encodes the prints into an internationally standardized, two-dimensional bar code printed on the SID card.
Even the footprints and fingerprints of identical twins are different.
The Eikon USB fingerprint reader is available now from select channel partners with broader availability during 2007 from a wide range of computer products manufacturers, independent software vendors (ISV's), and retailers.
A printer installed in patrol cars will allow officers to get copies of a suspect's photograph, fingerprint image, signature, and tattoos, along with artist conceptions and composite drawings of unknown subjects.
Pre-population of demographic data that enables FLDFS applications to provide the demographic data via a Website or a toll free number that will minimize the time an applicant spends at a fingerprint site.
Delivering this next-generation of certified silicon fingerprint imaging technology represents a major advancement compared to older technology employed in today's larger and more expensive optical devices.
Cherry already integrates the TouchChip TCS1 sensor into various fingerprint and smart card keyboards," said Phillip Kirsch, Sales Manager for Cherry Electrical Products.
UPEK's complete hardware-based fingerprint solution offers the highest level of biometric security and convenience in the market today," said Vito Fabbrizio, Director of Portable Storage Solutions for UPEK, Inc.
In addition, ASUS platforms with the UPEK fingerprint authentication solution feature UPEK's exclusive TBX Pre-Boot Authentication module to provide strict and secure authentication during system power-on and before the operating system starts, reducing exposure to data theft.
silex's S1 biometric fingerprint reader incorporates the latest Radio Frequency (RF) technology that allows the device to penetrate deep into the inner layer of the human finger, providing a more accurate reading.
Our advanced technology is creating an opportunity to replace legacy fingerprint identification systems in many small and mid-sized law enforcement agencies nationwide.