fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the important point for people to remember is that they are ordinarily fingerprinted each time they apply for any kind of immigration benefit, including: visa at the US embassy; immigration benefits in the US by USCIS (such as work authorizations, adjustment, etc.); by CBP when crossing the border or entering the US at an airport; old asylum cases, etc.
Since the United States began fingerprinting arriving Iranians more than a decade ago, the Islamic Republic has regularly complained that the taking of fingerprints is an insult because only criminals are fingerprinted. However, many countries now fingerprint all arriving visitors and more plan to do so.
Yes, each nurse will be randomly selected to be fingerprinted at least once over the next ten years.