fingerprint

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fingerprint

an impression taken of the indents present on the finger tips. These have been used in the detection of crime since before the Fingerprint Bureau at Scotland Yard was established in 1901, relying on the hypothesis that no two people have the same fingerprint. The first conviction was secured in 1902. The process works by comparing distinctive features of the suspect print with a print found at the scene of the crime. Palm prints were used in 1931. In 2002 it was accepted that ear print evidence might be admissible but that scientific misgiving meant that it could be subject to critical cross-examination. The process is now computerized. See e.g. AUTOMATED FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS). While the roots of the use of fingerprints are in criminal investigation, computerization means that the same concept and technology can be used for basic civilian identification purposes, even secure use of personal equipment.
References in periodicals archive ?
tuberculosis DNA fingerprinting in the epidemiology of TB; 2) report at least 250 TB cases per year, and submit one M.
As a result, some states have passed laws that require the fingerprinting of all persons charged with crimes.
Fingerprinting's vice president, who suggested there might be a niche worth filling in the fingerprinting market with Live Scan, a computer that uses the latest technology to take prints, Scolinos said.
In a common method of DNA fingerprinting, a laboratory technician uses enzymes to chip DNA samples taken from a suspect, the victim and the evidence.
Before DNA fingerprinting, routine contact investigations had established epidemiologic links for only four patients.
Examples abound of the widening use of fingerprinting in a variety of occupational settings.
In the most basic DNA fingerprinting method, investigators isolate DNA from blood or tissue samples taken from the suspect.
DNA fingerprinting was developed three years ago by geneticist Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester in England (SN: 12/21&28/85, p.
The implementation of this software will contribute a significant step towards our goal of introducing fingerprinting for all visa applicants.
The capacity to differentiate Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain patterns by DNA fingerprinting has shown promise in tuberculosis (TB) control since this tool was first applied to outbreak investigations (1-3) and population-based studies (4,5) in the early 1990s.
A common misconception exists today that DNA genotyping represents a means of identification superior to fingerprinting or footprinting.
In at least one case already DNA fingerprinting has been used to settle a dispute.