(redirected from fireman)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Dubai Traffic Misdemeanour Court recently fined the fireman Dh1,000 for reckless and dangerous driving.
In 2010, Fireman's Fund insured "Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore."
Caroline, who is an ambassador for the Make-AWish Foundation helped make brave Samuel's dream of becoming a fireman for a day come true.
The site was launched today during the national Greenbuild conference, where Fireman's Fund is participating as an exhibitor and sponsor.
"We are extremely grateful for this grant to assist the Bellingham Fire Department, which targets critical personal protective gear for our department, and we thank Bratrud-Middleton Insurance Brokers and Fireman's Fund Insurance Company for this generous grant," Bellingham Fire Chief Bill Boyd said.
Fireman's Fund[R] is the first and only insurance company to offer coverage specifically for green commercial buildings and address the unique risks that are acquired with sustainable building practices.
According to MI6's man in the Portuguese capital, the fireman had delivered a quantity of the drug quinine to a German agent there and may well have been recruited as a spy himself.
Fireman Sam and his firefighter pals Elvis Cridlington and Penny Morris will be among the familiar faces coming to the Liverpool Empire next week in their first ever all-new live stage show.
The dangerous prank, filmed on a mobile phone, shows the fireman in full uniform climbing into an industrial drying machine.
3), shown at the Royal Academy in April 1855, focuses upon individual heroism by depicting a square-jawed fireman descending a carpeted staircase inside a middle-class home to escape a fire behind him.
And on the night of the State of the Union in January this year, he conducted an ABC interview from a Concord fireman's living room.
The Iowa FFA Enrichment Center and the Iowa Fireman's Association have been named as the benefactors of the 2002 race.