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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
A development fireproof test was conducted using 6A1-4V Titanium structure for the attachment of the propulsion system on a mid-size business jet to understand if the FAA Federal Aviation Requirement 25.
This report concerns the market of fireproof metal furnishings, type's products, brands, suppliers and production, requirement and market prospects.
The legacy of the fire is a well-planned fireproof Library that continues to serve the Members of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
Divided into six chapters, the book deals with the different building techniques, materials, and measures introduced to enhance the fireproofing of buildings in American cities and to limit the destructive power of fire: solid masonry building (1790-1840); iron-and-brick construction (1840-60); experimentation (1860s-80s) including new fireproofing materials such as cement, concrete, and terra cotta; mill fire protection methods (1880s); fireproof skyscrapers (1870s-1900s); fire exits and egress laws (1900s-1910s).
Radware's FireProof product line allows enterprise network and system administrators to manage multiple ISA Servers on a local or global basis, while providing fault tolerance from software and hardware failures and allowing servers to be transparently inserted or removed for maintenance and updates during peak business hours without end-user performance degradation.
Radware has made its LinkProof and FireProof traffic management products available on the company's latest Application Switch platform.
Even now McRae will not jeopardise comfort for safety by wearing fireproof overalls or a full-face crash helmet.
The fire was apparently caused by a burning cigarette being tossed on to the foam, which the disco management had been told was fireproof.
One of the most impressive aspects of the FireProof is that I don't even know it's there.
It is waterproof, fireproof, flexible and will not chip.
Tenders are invited for Delivery of fireproof frames by lot: lot 1 "Frame - fireproof with one locking device" and lot 2 "Frame - armored, fireproof with two locking devices".
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian researchers in association with their colleagues from Brazil succeeded in the production of fireproof concretes with high raw strength by using nanotechnology.