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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
''Stressful and busy people want to be as comfortable as they can from moment to moment,'' says Firer, who does have accounts with male chefs who are from other countries.
"It's great to give [imported products] prominent places and spaces, gift package them for calendar items and holidays, merchandize them into "make at home' packages with recipes or make a whole "ethnic pack'" around that one product," advises Hall's Firer. "Declaring "xxxxx' week and promoting as such in signage, in windows, on displays, in flyers, on line, across the social media, offering incentives in store, in print, online, via Twitter/email/Facebook/website should create a critical mass."
Firer, mentioned above, also spoke of vicarious suffering.
PESHAWAR -- The results of Mine Sirdar /Short Firer Examination 2017 held in MRSTC Jalozai, District Nowshera have been declared here on Tuesday.
The investigating panel said it is highly likely a soldier named only as "firer 2" - a private who had been in the military for five and a half years - misidentified Pte McPherson as a target.
Firer trophy while Flying Officer Aamir Farooq clinched the trophy for Overall Best Performance in the course.
COSY The Warren Inn's firer has been roaring since 1845
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: ergo; erigeron; erne; erring; fern; finer; finger; fire; firer; fore; foreign; FOREIGNER; forge; forger; free; freeing; freer; fringe; froe; frog; genre; girn; giro; goer; gofer; goner; gore; gorier; green; grief; grin; groin; ignore; ignorer; infer; inro; iron; ironer; noir; nori; ogre; orfe; reef; reefing; refer; refine; refiner; region; reign; rein; rife; rigor; ring; ringer; roger.
Afsar Khan of Hazara Region declared best firer in SMG category, Nadeem Khan of Mardan Region as best firer in sniper firing and Mahtab Khan of Bannu Region adjudged overall best firer in all three categories.
THE Welsh Goveo rnment has come under firer after it emergedr that Cardiffr Bayoa ffices used by ministersr and civili servar ntsarebr eing refurbished over the summer at a cost of PS3.2m.