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Fire

The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.

fire

(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule

fire

(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy

fire

(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
3 Bentsion Firer, "Netsah Israel," Di Yidishe Shtime [hereafter, D.
Firer added, "The payment processing landscape has seen a great deal of change over the past several years, and Acies has been flexible and nimble in the implementation of its business plan to keep up with the dynamics of the industry.
He returned to the coalmines in 1920, working as a shot firer and deputy at Dudley Colliery.
A FIRM of recruiters has turned from hirer to firer by axing 1,200 of its staff since January.
PETER Ennis spent eight years igniting enormous explosions as a shot firer in Howick Quarry in Northumberland.
They included a black 8mm automatic blank firer and a black .
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To achieve the greatest effectiveness for the LGH system, the firer must control the retrieval speed.
Firer added, "I am confident that Acies will be back on track toward our goal of growing revenue to reach profitability as soon as possible.
As it looks, Super-X firer Rantile leads a host of female competitors to give the Mtongwe-based mariner a good run for her money.
TOT Money is in the right place, at the right time, with the right solution and that is why we are providing payment processing services to the over 60m subscribers of VimpelCom in Russia for their Beeline subscribers," said Oleg Firer, CEO of Net Element
RECRUITMENT firm Michael Page has turned from hirer to firer by losing 1,400 staff since last June.