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The primary result of combustion. The juridical meaning does not differ from the vernacular meaning.

It is a crime to burn certain types of property under particular circumstances, both under the Common Law and a number of state statutes. Some of these crimes are regarded as Arson, but ordinarily, arson relates specifically to buildings and their contents.

The act of willfully and maliciously setting fire to property belonging to another person—such as stacks of hay or grain, grasses, fences, or wood—is ordinarily punishable as a misdemeanor. Some jurisdictions grade the offense as a felony.

Statutes relating to fires ordinarily define the acts required for conviction. Under these statutes, willfully is defined as meaning with an evil or malicious intent or malevolent motive.

An individual who willfully or negligently sets fire to his or her own woods, prairie land, or other specified areas might be guilty of a misdemeanor. In addition, it is a misdemeanor to burn such areas without first giving proper notice to adjacent landowners or for an individual to allow a fire kindled on his or her wood or prairie to escape and burn adjoining property.

Some statutes relate to burning cultivated ground. Such legislation exists to prevent disastrous fires, and they do not apply to ordinary acts of agriculture that are properly conducted, such as the setting of fire to an area of land to prepare for planting.

Under some statutes that prohibit or regulate the setting of fires, a monetary penalty is imposed on people who violate their provisions. Frequently an agency—such as a state board of forest park preservation commissioners—is named specifically in the statute to bring an action to collect the penalty. Some statutes impose liability on an individual who allows fire to escape from his or her own property even though such escape is not willful, while other statutes provide that a landowner who sets a fire as a result of necessity—such as a back fire used to subdue another fire—will not be held liable. An individual is usually free from liability when he or she is lawfully burning something on his or her own farm and the fire accidentally spreads to an adjacent farm or woods.

There is civil liability for damages at common law imposed upon anyone who willfully and intentionally sets a fire. Some statutes under which criminal liability is imposed for setting certain types of fires also make express provisions that the individual whose property is damaged by the fire may initiate a civil action to recover any loss. Generally, the limit of damages is the loss actually incurred by the fire. Some statutes, however, provide for the recovery of double or treble damages.


(Burn), verb conflagrate, deflagrate, heat, ignite, incandesce, inflame, kindle, light, scorch, singe, warm
Associated concepts: Fire Act, Firefighter's Rule, Fireman's Rule


(Discharge), verb depose, dismiss, expel, lay off, remove, stimulate, terminate, torrefy


(Stimulate), verb animate, arouse, electrify, enliven, excite, foster, goad, incite, inspirit, quicken, rouse, spur, stir
See also: ardor, barrage, burn, conflagration, deflagrate, depose, discharge, dismiss, foment, life, passion, provoke, remove, spirit, stimulate, supplant
References in periodicals archive ?
Event processing is a new niche for us and we are very excited with this new business line and the opportunities it creates for us," says Firer.
Stressful and busy people want to be as comfortable as they can from moment to moment,'' says Firer, who does have accounts with male chefs who are from other countries.
Christine Firer Hinze, theology professor at Fordham University in New York, said that "Catholics would have to be behind" the slogan frequently used in many of the recent campaigns to raise the minimum wage: "No one should work full time and be in poverty.
Local agriculture cooperative turned public company, Agra, has borrowed N$100 million from the German Investment and Development Company, DEG (Deutsche Investitions und Entwick-lungsgesellschaft), a subsidiary of the Kreditanstallt firer Wiederafbau (KFW).
Commenting on the launch, Oleg Firer, Net Element's chief executive officer said, "The announcement of TOT Platform further demonstrates Net Element's commitment to creating innovative and practical solutions for emerging markets that function as fully integrated operations and marketing tools for TOT Group's clients and partners.
CEO Oleg Firer said, "The divestiture of these non-core assets will allow us to be a more focused and concentrated company.
He returned to the coalmines in 1920, working as a shot firer and deputy at Dudley Colliery.
This device fixes the exact distance to the target, then factors in the flight characteristic of the ammunition, and using something similar to a carpenter's level, indicates to the firer exactly what angle to hold the barrel.
It requires the firer to pause, squeeze the trigger, and then resume their natural cycle of breathing.
commander in Afghanistan solidifies the Defense Secretary's reputation as firer in chief.
To Greg Snell, chief executive officer and co-founder of ProVina with Vladimir Firer, the WinePod is the result of a trend toward the customization of beverages.
As a wood firer, he hopes to avoid labels that would describe him as overly concerned with materials and process or as sentimental and nostalgic.