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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patients comprised 19 men and 17 women (including both hips of 1 woman) with a mean age of 62.4 years (range, 27-90 years) at the time of the first-stage surgery, and who were followed up for a mean of 48.6 months (range, 6-127 months).
We also experienced one case in which 1 patient died of cardiac hypofunction due to hypovolemic shock on day 3 after the first-stage surgery. This case illustrates the importance of fully understanding the patient's systemic condition and likelihood of tolerating surgery and of providing sufficient explanation to the patient and his or her family before obtaining consent to undergo surgery.