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Hetero expert innovation can yield many benefits, providing a new source of distinctive new product ideas that can be tapped quickly and helping NPD teams escape the traps of not-invented-here syndrome and functional fixedness.
We assessed general perceptions about the fixedness (or malleability) of both intelligence and job knowledge using a paper-and-pencil measure designed for this study.
Functional fixedness can often occur within professions where people will tend to rely on the training of their respective disciplines to solve problems.
But I believe that, leaning tow'rds them, he Just felt their hair carried across his face As each girl passed him; nor gave ear to trace How many feet; nor bent assuredly His eyes from the blind fixedness of thought To know the dancers.
The 1950s debate, however, was characterized by a fixedness of purpose that allowed little room for compromise, so that in an atmosphere of declining legitimacy for democratic institutions, the debate was never allowed to run its course.
All human beings have a natural barrier to creative thinking which is called "cognitive fixedness.
Perhaps we love "film" because we experience it as the very idea of fixedness within flow, the performance of deliberate limitation in storytelling, the giving over of authority to an author or at least the idea of one, in order to experience one stream at a time.
Literature in psychology considers functional fixedness (the tendency to think of using objects only as they have been used in the past) and mental set (the impact of past experience on present problem solving: specifically the tendency to retain methods that were successful in the past even if better alternatives now exist) as the factors that interfere with effective problem solving (Baron, 2008).
The intensive cattle and horse grazing implies in reduction of vegetal covering responsible dune fixedness, leading to destabilization and loss of function of the habitat (GIANUCA, 1997).
Some of the basic criteria for an expression to be considered an idiom are their non-compositionality (Fernando and Flavell 1981) and frozenness or fixedness (Grant and Bauer 2004).
In rejecting the notion of the psychological stability and fixedness of the human being throughout time, modernity creates a shift comparable to that made by the Copernican revolution in astronomy (1213-1214).