fixtures


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fixtures

the doctrine by which most legal systems (including those of England and Scotland) accept that eventually moveable property can become real or heritable by affixing the moveable thing to the realty or heritage. In Roman law, in civilian jurisdictions including Scotland, reference is often made to the maxim inaedificatum solo, solo cedit: ‘that which is attached to the land accrues to the land.’ Unfortunately, the precise rules differ from system to system and from occasion to occasion, thus what is fixed between heir and estate is not always the same as between buyer and seller or between landlord and tenant. Thus, to sell the land is to sell the buildings on it. To sell a shop is to sell the shelves on the wall. In difficult cases, two main factors are often considered:
  1. (1) the ease of movement; thus, even heavy machinery that is not bolted to the ground maybe a fixture;
  2. (2) the damage done by removal, often making easily moveable things that are bolted to walls fixtures.
References in classic literature ?
He regretted that she did not feel inclined to go with him and select new fixtures. He kissed her good-by, and told her she was not looking well and must take care of herself.
An orchard, good tillage, good grounds, seem a fixture, like a gold mine, or a river, to a citizen; but to a large farmer, not much more fixed than the state of the crop.
Yet this incessant movement and progression which all things partake could never become sensible to us but by contrast to some principle of fixture or stability in the soul.
- I dine between twelve and one o'clock; the housekeeper, a matronly lady, taken as a fixture along with the house, could not, or would not, comprehend my request that I might be served at five) - on mounting the stairs with this lazy intention, and stepping into the room, I saw a servant-girl on her knees surrounded by brushes and coal-scuttles, and raising an infernal dust as she extinguished the flames with heaps of cinders.
Here and there the hills fell away in long, low points, and broke the sameness of the outline, or setting to the long and wide field of snow, which, without house, tree, fence, or any other fixture, resembled so much spot less cloud settled to the earth.
It was vain to try to read with such an inscrutable fixture before me; nor could I, in impatience, consent to be dumb; he might rebuff me if my he liked, but talk I would.
I made out that I was fastened to a stout perpendicular ladder a few inches from the wall - a fixture there - the means of ascent to the loft above.
A LEADING bookmaker has warned a reduction in the number of fixtures will hit revenues to the sport and was not the best way to try to increase field sizes.
The Championship fixtures are released today as Cardiff City, Swansea City and their rivals find out who they'll be playing when next season.