These flukes with soldier castes may also have a biomedical application.
They might be used in the biological control of major human parasitic diseases such as blood flukes.
Washington, Sep 17 (ANI): Researchers at UC Santa Barbara have identified a caste of genetically identical "warrior worms"-members of a parasitic fluke species that invades the California horn snail.
mansoni fluke, which has both a sensitivity and specificity for S.
We postulate that the mature fluke pair migrated from the mesenteric veins through Batson's vertebralvenous plexus to the cerebral veins at the cerebellar level.
Cattle brought in from unknown areas may pose a threat because, if infected, they can spread liver fluke eggs in their feces when the conditions are right for both flukes and their intermediate host.
The flukes undergo several stages of development and then migrate back out into a wet environment where they attach to vegetation and are ingested.
Liver flukes can also damage the diaphragm, which is sold as skirt steak or fajita meat.
Liver flukes have caused major economic losses in cattle in the wet areas of the Gulf Coast and Northwest for a long time.
Typically, adult flukes in cattle lay eggs which pass through the feces.
Once in the animal's small intestine, they emerge from cysts and the immature flukes begin to penetrate the intestinal wall and migrate to the liver.