lesion

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lesion

injury or loss. In the civil law jurisdictions the word is often used in the context of an ‘unfair’ loss, as where an adult takes advantage of a minor or someone purchases something for much less than it's worth.

LESION, contracts. In the civil law this term is used to signify the injury suffered, in consequence of inequality of situation, by one who does not receive a full equivalent for what he gives in a commutative contract.
     2. The remedy given for this injury, is founded on its being the effect of implied error or imposition; for in every commutative contract, equivalents are supposed to be given and received. Louis. Code, 1854. Persons of full age, however, are not allowed in point of law to object to their agreements as being injurious, unless the injury be excessive. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 4. But minors are admitted to restitution, not only against any excessive inequality, but against any inequality whatever. Poth. Oblig. P. 1, c. 1, s. 1, art. 3, Sec. 5; Louis. Code, art. 1858.
     3. Courts of chancery relieve upon terms of redemption and set aside contracts entered into by expectant heirs dealing for their expectancies, on the ground of mere inadequacy of price. 1 Vern. 167; 2 Cox, 80; 2 Cas. in Ch. 136; 1 Vern. 141; 2 Vern. 121; 2 Freem. 111; 2 Vent. 359; 2 Vern. 14; 2 Rep. in Ch. 396; 1 P. W. 312; 1 Bro. C. C. 7; 3 P. Wms. 393, n.; 2 Atk. 133; 2 Ves. 125; 1 Atk. 301; 1 Wils. 286; 1 Wils. 320; 1 Bro. P. 6. ed. Toml. 198; 1 Bro. C. C. 1; 16 Ves. 512; Sugd. on Vend. 231, n. k.; 1 Ball & B. 330; Wightw. 25; 3 Ves. & Bea. 117; 2 Swanst. R. 147, n.; Fonb. notes to the Treatise of Equity, B, 1, c. 2, s. 9. A contract cannot stand where the party has availed himself of a confidential situation, in order to obtain some selfish advantage. Note to Crowe v. Ballard. 1 Ves. jun. 125; 1 Hov. Supp. 66, 7. Note to Wharton v. May. 5 Ves. 27; 1 Hov. Supp. 378. See Catching bargain; Fraud; Sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
To define osteochondral tissue remodeling in focal lesions, MSCs were evaluated both in cartilage and in bone tissues by anti-CD146.
The patient with no identifiable mutations and diffuse pancreatic disease and the patient with a paternally inherited ABCC8 mutation and a focal lesion have not yet developed diabetes.
An [sup.18]F-DOPA PET scan may not identify a focal lesion and be interpreted as diffuse disease.
Moreover, since state-of-the-art Doppler ultrasound is not widely available, saline infusion sonography should remain the method of choice for detecting focal lesions in many institutions, she said.
Although most FHS foci appear as nodular, it should be noted that some lesions appear as poorly defined, irregularly shaped, abnormal parenchymal focal lesions.
Focal lesions in liver and spleen and lymph node enlargement could be picked up easily.
The PET/CT images were reviewed by 2 experienced nuclear medicine physicians and 2 radiologists to detect focal lesions (FLs) and/or diffuse bone marrow involvement.
US image of the liver shows the presence of hyperechogenic, homogenous, nonlinearly shaped focal lesion, situated in segments VIII and V, sized 7 cm x 8 cm.
If there is no focal lesion, the success rate of the surgery has traditionally ranged from 50-70%, but each case must be treated individually.
Focal lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum in epileptic patients: Antiepileptic drug toxicity?
(1-4) While hypertrophic olivary degeneration can occur with any focal lesion that involves the dentato-rubro-olivary pathway, it is typically associated with lesions that involve the superior cerebellar peduncle (dentatorubral tract), the dentate nucleus, or the central tegmental tract.