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Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
This close monitoring, which usually occurs in an epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) staffed by trained nurses and technicians, enables an accurate diagnosis and can inform appropriate treatment plans, for example, whether surgery is possible to improve medically intractable focal seizures and/or which medications are appropriate.
In summary, a three-month-old infant with hypoparathyroidism and hypocalcaemia induced seizures, now controlled for a month, who had undergone a recent uneventful anaesthesia with halothane and isoflurane inhalational agents, had a focal seizure during induction of anaesthesia with sevoflurane.
Compared with Generalised seizures, Focal seizures (the term 'Partial' has been formally abandoned) mostly occur after previous focal brain injury (e.g.
NCC was the most common cause of focal seizure followed by CVA and neoplastic causes as in study of Sahil Mehta, Gagandeep Singh [11] and study of Pritpal.
"Nathaniel can't fall asleep without being medicated, but when he is trying to fall asleep and he is relaxed he will have what is known as focal seizures.
"As well as this, Nathaniel can't fall asleep without being medicated, but when he is trying to fall asleep and he is relaxed he will have what is known as focal seizures.
Generalized and focal seizures both consist of dystonic manifestations.
Cenobamate (YKP3089) was discovered by SK Biopharmaceuticals and SK life science and is being investigated for the potential treatment of partial-onset seizures (also known as "focal seizures") in adult patients.
-- Teva Pharmaceuticals USA has won approval from the Food and Drug Administration for vigabatrin 500 mg tablets, the first generic version of Lund-beck's Sabril, for treating complex partial seizures, also called focal seizures. It can be use as an adjunctive therapy (given with another primary treatment) in patients 10 and older who have responded inadequately to several alternative (refractory) treatments.
Public health agency The US Food and Drug Administration on Monday announced the approval of the first generic version of Sabril (vigabatrin) in 500mg tablets for treating complex partial seizures, also called focal seizures, in patients ten years and older.
Focal seizures (96.1%) were more common than generalized seizures (3.9%).
Writing in BMJ Case Reports, the authors note that the young patient presented with left focal seizures.

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