(redirected from folder)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

A clerk files a document by endorsing it on the date it is received and retaining it in his or her office for inspection by the parties that it might concern.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions, and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow." 2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (pages) filed by both sides. Each case file has an assigned number, and each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server). 3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


to start a court action.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Spyderco's steel-handled Kiwi model is a small and stylish lockback folder that has a very ergonomic handle.
Once they understand their own nature and subsequently how others around them "roll", they will understand how Folders and Crumplers can cause friction for each other or can create amazing success together.
Say you're switching folders to the Videos folder from the root folder.
Friction folders have come back in vogue and the Battle Horse Knives FULT is a prime example of one brought up to modern-day standards.
Immediately after her photos circulated online, royal fans claimed that Markle is pregnant and holding two thick folders was her way of hiding her growing baby bump.
Q: How do I create folders for saving specific incoming emails in Windows 10?
Controlled Folder Access blocks ransomware by limiting what apps can access your personal files.
This allows files and information to be transferred from an application such as Outlook, Word or Excel straight into a folder. A user can attach digital comments to a folder and define reading access by person.
To prove that Binay was lying, Trillanes presented to the committee the stacks of evidence, which he said were the same folders used in the ad.
If you have Excel 2016, use Data, New Query, From File, From Folder. In Excel 2010-2013, download the free Power Query add-in from Microsoft, then use Power Query, From File, From Folder.
The application is designed for business and home computing users to perform routine file and folder backup and synchronization tasks.
This feature in eMoney functions like a Windows Explorer tree in that there are first-line folders, second-line folders, etc.