Bias

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Bias

A predisposition or a preconceived opinion that prevents a person from impartially evaluating facts that have been presented for determination; a prejudice.

A judge who demonstrates bias in a hearing over which he or she presides has a mental attitude toward a party to the litigation that hinders the judge from supervising fairly the course of the trial, thereby depriving the party of the right to a fair trial. A judge may Recuse himself or herself to avoid the appearance of bias.

If, during the Voir Dire, a prospective juror indicates bias toward either party in a lawsuit, the juror can be successfully challenged for cause and denied a seat on the jury.

bias

n. the predisposition of a judge, arbitrator, prospective juror, or anyone making a judicial decision, against or in favor of one of the parties or a class of persons. This can be shown by remarks, decisions contrary to fact, reason or law, or other unfair conduct. Bias can be toward an ethnic group, homosexuals, women or men, defendants or plaintiffs, large corporations, or local parties. Getting a "hometown" decision is a form of bias which is the bane of the out-of-town lawyer. There is also the subtle bias of some male judges in favor of pretty women. Obvious bias is a ground for reversal on appeal, but it is hard to prove, since judges are usually careful to display apparent fairness in their comments. The possibility of juror bias is explored in questioning at the beginning of trial in a questioning process called "voir dire." (See: voir dire, hometowned)

BIAS. A particular influential power which sways the judgment; the inclination or propensity of the mind towards a particular object.
     2. Justice requires that the judge should have no bias for or against any individual; and that his mind should be perfectly free to act as the law requires.
     3. There is, however, one kind of bias which the courts suffer to influence them in their judgments it is a bias favorable to a class of cases, or persons, as distinguished from an individual case or person. A few examples will explain this. A bias is felt on account of convenience. 1 Ves. sen. 13, 14; 3 Atk. 524. It is also felt in favor of the heir at law, as when there is an heir on one side and a mere volunteer on the other. Willes, R. 570 1 W. Bl. 256; Amb. R. 645; 1 Ball & B. 309 1 Wils. R. 310 3 Atk. 747 Id. 222. On the other hand, the court leans against double portions for children; M'Clell. R. 356; 13 Price, R. 599 against double provisions, and double satisfactions; 3 Atk. R. 421 and against forfeitures. 3 T. R. 172. Vide, generally, 1 Burr. 419 1 Bos. & Pull. 614; 3 Bos. & Pull. 456 Ves. jr. 648 Jacob, Rep. 115; 1 Turn. & R. 350.

References in periodicals archive ?
(17) Angelo Ranaldo, Asani Sarkar, Exchange rate risk, transactions costs and the forward bias puzzle, Swiss National Bank, 2008, [http://www.hkimr.org/uploads/conference_detail/521/con_paper_0_510_session-7- 3_sarkarranaldo_1sep08.pdf], accessed 12 May 2012
[eta] is estimated from the slope of the linear region of the forward bias plot shown in Figure 6.
Likewise, when inductor chosen is L [greater than or equal to] 200nH at forward bias, the governing mechanism for the conduction in base-collector junction will be dependent on energy storage into the inductor and space-charge limited current (SCLC) [24], where [x.sub.BC] increases slowly at [[phi].sup.+] [greater than or equal to] 0.2eV under constant electric field, increasing ionized-impurities-limited regime and depleting linear regime.
In these papers, the forward bias electrical I-V characteristics are shown, taking into account the charge neutrality (via the continuity equation), through the semiconductors of the cell.
In the forward bias case (on state), the diode presents a resistance [R.sub.s] in series with the packaging inductance [L.sub.s].
The IV curve clearly shows nonlinear increase of the current under the forward bias, which indicates the formation of p-n junction between ZnO NWs and PANi.
When a metal/semiconductor contact with a thin interfacial layer is considered, it is assumed that the forward bias current of the device is due to thermionic emission current, and it may be expressed as [21]
In this part, we will perform measurements that will lead us to obtain the parameters characterizing the Schottky junction, which determine the conduction properties of these diodes when the forward bias is applied, and to obtain the parasitic resistance values [R.sub.s] of the Schottky diode by fitting from the current-voltage measurements [12].
When the LED is switched on--in other words, When a forward bias is applied to the LED--current flows from the anode ("p" side) to the cathode ("n" side).
All the plots have shown good agreement between simulated and measured results, which proves the validity and accuracy of the temperature dependent PIN diode model under forward bias condition.
When a positive voltage is applied to the ITO electrode (forward bias), only the light-emission process of the metal complex is triggered and the characteristic red emission of the complex is observed.

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