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A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Humby is credited with being the first person to use buccal mucosal free grafts for urethroplasty (Filipas et al; Humby G).
Either the free grafts or flaps can be used ventrally or dorsally.
(13.) Andrich DE; Mundy AR: Substitution urethroplasty with buccal mucosal- free grafts. J Urol 2001 Apr; 165 (4): 1131-4.
Right IMA was pedicled and used as an in-situ graft in 32 of the patients with the remaining 16 receiving RIMA as a free graft. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 129 +- 38.9 minutes and the aortic cross clamp time was 69 +- 21.4 minutes.
In bilateral IMA grafting, the right IMA has been flexibly used as an in-situ or free graft in combination with an in situ left IMA.
They describe nasal anatomy and physiology, nasal septum and nasal wall vascularization, nasal perforation etiology, systemic diseases associated with septal perforation, preoperative clinical evaluation, conservative treatment, septal prosthesis, free grafts, flaps, and other techniques, with information on anatomy, indications, surgical steps, postoperative care, complications, tips and tricks, and case examples, as well as a chapter on quality of life.
The multiport cardioplegia technique used in the present study facilitates antegrade selective cardioplegia perfusion by means of free grafts following each distal anastomosis in addition to antegrade cardioplegia administered from the aortic root.
Cannon, "Composite free grafts of two surfaces of skin and cartilage from the ear," Annals of Surgery, vol.