54) The investigative report relied on data analysis of an estimated 175,000 documented stop and frisks
conducted between January 1998 and March 1999.
Deputy Chief Michael Marino, on the stand in Manhattan Federal Court for a class-action lawsuit challenging the NYPD's controversial stop-and frisk
tactics as racial profiling, said he set a standard that said "do your job or suffer the consequences", reports the New York Daily News.
org/page/event/detail/communityservicesociety/jt3) a forum last week in Harlem to discuss issues affecting low-income New Yorkers said they want to examine and reform "Stop and Frisk
," attempting to thread a needle in a manner that likely won't fly with the many voters who are vehemently opposed to the "Stop and Frisk
The court assumed, without deciding, that a frisk
could be proper solely based on a finding that the individual was armed and dangerous, sidestepping House's main argument that frisks
pursuant to consensual encounters are per se impermissible.
25) Further, the officer can perform a pat-down, or frisk
, for weapons (26) if he or she has reason to believe the individual is "armed and presently dangerous.
Before 1994, in at least one female facility, Bedford Hills, most if not all pat frisks
were performed by female officers, because the staff was 60 percent female, Elaine Lord, the former Bedford Hills superintendent, testified in a 1999 deposition.
The agency of selected urban Malay-Muslim women based in Kuala Lumpur as researched by Frisk
is based on narratives of becoming gleaned from informal and non-structured interviews and participant observation through Frisks
participation in religious talks and classes (those conducted in English) organized and facilitated by women for women in their homes and neighbouring mosques.
The officers, prior to the frisks
, had no reasonable basis for suspecting J.
AELE is proud of the effort it made in the Terry case to persuade the Supreme Court to uphold the right of the police to "stop and frisk
The Center for Constitutional Rights, which got the data on stop and frisks
after it first sued the city over the issue after the 1999 killing of Amadou Diallo, said its analysis of the 2009 data showed again what it argued was the racially driven use of the tactic against minorities and its relatively modest achievements in fighting crime.
However, a reasonable suspicion, also based upon articulable facts and circumstances, that the detainee is armed justifies a frisk
of the detainee's outer clothing for weapons.
Is the protective frisk
conducted by the officer strictly limited in scope to actions necessary for the discovery of weapons?