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Related to furcations: furcation defects
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However, the presence of dental furcations was not associated with greater PbB levels among nonsmokers.
The presence of an interaction between dental furcations and smoking status in the regression modeling is a significant finding.
Among non-resorbable barriers human studies using ePTFE membrane for the treatment of furcation defects have reported significant and predictable gains in new attachment (15,16).
Mishkin, "Guided tissue regeneration with and without decalcified freeze-dried bone in mandibular class II furcation invasions", J.
When identifying patients at high risk, Clem noted, oral health professionals need to review not only tooth-related risks such as bleeding upon probing, pocket depth, bone loss, vertical defects around teeth or furcation defects around teeth, but also "patient-related risk factors such as the age of onset of the disease," he said.
If, in the clinical examination, the dental hygienist detects furcation involvement, early on those furcation involvements need to be addressed or the option given of regeneration because we know that the earlier you address the furcation involvement with regeneration, the more successful the outcome," Clem continued.
Subgingival root surfaces over 4 mm below the cemento-enamel junction present with many concavities, depressions and furcation entrances.
Development in instrument design and materials has furthered the dental hygienist's ability to scale tenacious calculus in deep pockets and furcations.
For example: under contact areas, within furcations or root concavities, etc.
15) Generally, such clinical parameters include probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), degree of furcation involvement, extent of gingival recession, tooth mobility, and plaque score.
A complete periodontal charting (documenting pockets, recession/clinical attachment loss, mobility, furcations and bleeding) provides extensive and detailed information regarding the current periodontal status of the patient.
The Naber's probe or the Furcation probe is a blunt ended instrument that is used buccally and lingually on the periodontal structure to locate possible furcation involvement.