game

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Game

Wild birds and beasts. The word includes all game birds and game animals.

The state, in its sovereign power, owns game for the benefit of the general public. The only manner in which a private individual can acquire ownership in game is by possessing it lawfully such as by hunting and killing it under a license.

Generally, every individual has the right to hunt and take game in any public place where his or her presence is lawful, so long as the person neither violates statutory regulations nor injures or infringes upon the rights of others. A hunter does not acquire an absolute right to a wild animal by mere pursuit alone, and the individual forfeits any potential ownership by abandoning the chase prior to capture. The exclusive right to hunt or take game on privately owned property vests in the owner or his or her grantees. This property right of the owner is limited by the right of the state to regulate and preserve the game for public use. A suit for Trespass may be brought against one who interferes with another's right to hunt.

A statute that proscribes the hunting of game without a license, and that requires the payment of a fee for such license, constitutes a proper exercise of the Police Power of the state.

Game laws govern the killing or taking of birds and beasts. Game wardens ordinarily can arrest violators, seize illegally taken game, bring actions for trespass, or institute prosecutions for violations of the game laws.

Under a number of game laws, it is a penal offense to kill or take certain types of game in certain seasons of the year or without a license. A hunter is required to exhibit a license when properly called on to do so, and it constitutes a legal violation if the person cannot do so.

In a situation where an individual has lawfully obtained possession of game—enclosing and caring for them as domestic animals—the person can kill one or more of them if necessary for care and management or for humane purposes. In addition, an individual might be justified in killing game in violation of the law if it were necessary for the protection of persons or property. It sometimes constitutes an offense to export game beyond the limits of the nation or state in which it was killed or captured, to ship it for sale in a certain manner, or to absent certain information upon the package.

The United States has entered into treaties with other countries, including Great Britain and Mexico, for the protection and preservation of migratory birds and game animals. It constitutes an offense to violate statutes that were enacted to implement such treaties. For example, a regulatory statute might limit the number of birds that can be killed by any individual each day, and it would be an offense to exceed such limit.

The federal government, subject to the consent of the state, can establish a game refuge for the protection of game and migratory birds and proscribe all hunting in the vicinity. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is administered by the Interior Department, to conserve and preserve fish and game in wildlife refuges and game ranges.

Cross-references

Endangered Species Act; Fish and Fishing.

game

see POACHING.

GAME. Birds and beasts of a wild-nature, obtained by fowling and hunting. Bac. Ab. h. t.; Animals; Ferae natural.

References in periodicals archive ?
The seal bar creates a dependable seal every time, so you can rest assured your hard-earned game meat will remain fresh for months.
Game meat such as pheasant, venison and duck has become more widely available and consumed over recent years.
Heading home with several coolers full of organic, protein-rich game meat is one of the most rewarding parts of a successful bowhunt.
Our findings suggest that game meat from wild boar, deer, and rabbit contribute to HEV epidemiology in the Midi-Pyrenees area.
Also, don't give in to your desire for some exotic wild game meat - it's what started this mess in the first place.
Trichinellosis cases remain infrequent in the United States because of state and federal laws preventing feeding of uncooked swill to commercial swine and public awareness of the danger of eating raw or undercooked game meat. The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services provided additional education to employees of the ranch about the risk for Trichinella ingestion and the need to inform hunting patrons.
They enjoy game meat's superior nutrition and special flavors.
The diet also features venison, elk and reindeer rather than beef as game meat is great for iron and provides long-lasting energy.
Although rabbit is a game meat, which you associate with being more expensive, it is very good value as they have quite a lot of meat on them.
Hopetoun Farm Shop master butcher Derek Mackintosh led the visit, providing information on the different types of meat available at the shop as well as assistance on the cooking of the game meat and discussion on the importance of choosing local and seasonal produce for best results.
Prior permission from the Directorate of Veterinary Services in the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, is required to transport warthog or a part of a warthog from the land where it was obtained and for any game meat or product of game meat or game birds or products of game birds to be exported from Namibia.