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Wild birds and beasts. The word includes all game birds and game animals.

The state, in its sovereign power, owns game for the benefit of the general public. The only manner in which a private individual can acquire ownership in game is by possessing it lawfully such as by hunting and killing it under a license.

Generally, every individual has the right to hunt and take game in any public place where his or her presence is lawful, so long as the person neither violates statutory regulations nor injures or infringes upon the rights of others. A hunter does not acquire an absolute right to a wild animal by mere pursuit alone, and the individual forfeits any potential ownership by abandoning the chase prior to capture. The exclusive right to hunt or take game on privately owned property vests in the owner or his or her grantees. This property right of the owner is limited by the right of the state to regulate and preserve the game for public use. A suit for Trespass may be brought against one who interferes with another's right to hunt.

A statute that proscribes the hunting of game without a license, and that requires the payment of a fee for such license, constitutes a proper exercise of the Police Power of the state.

Game laws govern the killing or taking of birds and beasts. Game wardens ordinarily can arrest violators, seize illegally taken game, bring actions for trespass, or institute prosecutions for violations of the game laws.

Under a number of game laws, it is a penal offense to kill or take certain types of game in certain seasons of the year or without a license. A hunter is required to exhibit a license when properly called on to do so, and it constitutes a legal violation if the person cannot do so.

In a situation where an individual has lawfully obtained possession of game—enclosing and caring for them as domestic animals—the person can kill one or more of them if necessary for care and management or for humane purposes. In addition, an individual might be justified in killing game in violation of the law if it were necessary for the protection of persons or property. It sometimes constitutes an offense to export game beyond the limits of the nation or state in which it was killed or captured, to ship it for sale in a certain manner, or to absent certain information upon the package.

The United States has entered into treaties with other countries, including Great Britain and Mexico, for the protection and preservation of migratory birds and game animals. It constitutes an offense to violate statutes that were enacted to implement such treaties. For example, a regulatory statute might limit the number of birds that can be killed by any individual each day, and it would be an offense to exceed such limit.

The federal government, subject to the consent of the state, can establish a game refuge for the protection of game and migratory birds and proscribe all hunting in the vicinity. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is administered by the Interior Department, to conserve and preserve fish and game in wildlife refuges and game ranges.


Endangered Species Act; Fish and Fishing.

See: bet, competition, contest, ridicule



GAME. Birds and beasts of a wild-nature, obtained by fowling and hunting. Bac. Ab. h. t.; Animals; Ferae natural.

References in periodicals archive ?
With the game tied 18-18, the Bruins scored five of the next six points to take a 23-19 lead, and two Pepperdine hitting errors helped set up game point, which Steve Klosterman got with an ace.
He gained another game point but the tenacious Sachin levelled and edged past to win the game.
Armaan saved four game points in the third but could not prevent Kenneth from winning the next two games and a place in the final with final scores of 8-11, 11-5, 11-7, 11-8.
Davis recorded her 300th kill of the season on a sideout that set up game point for the Tologs.
Anil saved one more game point and this time made no mistake on the first match point to seal victory.
Whitney Robertson served 10 consecutive points, including three aces, to give the Vikings a game point.
Davidson's kill set up game point, then Davidson served an ace to the corner of the court for the victory.
Flintridge Sacred Heart had its chances in game two, as it served four times for game point.
Valencia survived six match points and forced a fifth game when Terri Peterson served an ace and Saugus' Justin Doyce hit long on game point.
The second set started with the same note and Samir broke Riba in the 7th game to lead 4-3 and where he was broken after failing to capture three game points to lead 5-3.
Emotion got the better of Ahmed who, after leading 3-0, found himself unable to counter the brilliant onslaught of Mayank who saved two game points before pulling back the third game for two games-all.