Mutation

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MUTATION, French law. This term is synonymous with change, and is particularly applied to designate the change which takes place in the property of a thing in its transmission from one person to another; permutation therefore happens when, the owner of the thing sells, exchanges or gives it. It is nearly synonymous with transfer. (q.v.) Merl. Repert. h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, the characteristic gene alterations found in IDH-wild-type gliomas are those involved in canonical receptor tyrosine kinase pathways and downstream signaling pathways involved in cell growth, survival, and proliferation.
This US FDA Fast Track designation is based on the preliminary efficacy and safety data collected from the company's phase I study under Investigational New Drug application (IND) of Debio 1347 for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic tumours with a specific FGFR gene alteration.
(6) Based on these results, a "two-step model of leukemogenesis" was proposed.7) In this model, leukemia-associated gene alterations were divided into two groups: class I mutations included activating mutations of tyrosine kinase receptors such as FLT3-ITD and oncogenes such as N-Ras as well as inactivation mutations of tumor suppressors including p53, inducing cell proliferation or inhibiting apoptosis.
Analysis indicated that transformation of pre-existing adenocarcinoma cells into endocrine cells is influenced by p53 gene alteration. In the present case, p53 gene sequences of exon 5-8, wherein most p53 gene mutations have been reported to occur, were analyzed, and transitional mutation (A to C) was identified in codon 179 of exon 5 in ECC (Figure 5).
Many gene alteration carriers of reproductive age, like Judith, are tied to a deceased parent through the shared social and relational impact of similarly altered DNA.
An international team of scientists, supported in part by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced that its systematic effort to map the genomic changes underlying lung cancer has uncovered a critical gene alteration not previously linked to any form of cancer.
After the discovery of orexin, Yanagisawa's team created mite with a gene alteration that left the animals without the hormone.
A score [greater than or equal to]12 was considered indicative of a gene alteration. When an alteration detected by the p53 microarray was not confirmed by direct sequencing, the DNA underwent repeat PCR and processing to repeat the evaluation by p53 GeneChip.
The World Anti-Doping Agency, which is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee, will discuss gene alteration at a meeting in late September, hoping to nip the issue in the bud and figure out policies.
Animal feed and food products in which DNA or protein resulting from gene alteration cannot be detected using existing technologies are exempted from labeling.
Society must also consider the effects of gene alteration on future generations, Walter said.